By Eleanor Leacock
"Significant simply because [it] strains the advance strategy from the non-industrial societies to present-day socialist international locations, contains students from the 1st and 3rd worlds, and offers facts for a comparative research of structural alterations in gender relatives, hyperlinks creation and replica, and redefines paintings to surround women's `invisible work.'" Gender & Society "[A] helpful addition to the literature on girls within the constructing world." the days of the Americas
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Extra info for Women's Work: Development and the Division of Labor by Gender
Besides European investors, the Japanese were also engaged in rubber planting. 14 In Sarawak Japanese immigrants undertook market gardening on the eastern outskirts of Kuching. 16 At Tanjong Poh, Siniawan, a 400-hectare rubber holding was established by the Yamashita Steamship Company Limited in 1917. Apart from company-owned plantations there were independent Japanese planters that worked on smallholdings utilizing members of the family as labour. 17 In British North Borneo the Kuhara Mining Company, a part of the Nissan combine, acquired a former tobacco estate at Tawau and undertook rubber cultivation as the Tawau Rubber Estate.
Seiji Ide, the managing director of the Japanese Ide, undertook logging operations along the Sesajap and Sebatak Rivers in Bulungan in 1932. 23 Disallowing the operations in Bulungan, the Dutch East Indies government allocated a concession of 50,000 hectares at the mouth of the Sankulirang River near Kutai to Ide and his financial backer, the Oriental Development Company (ODC), based in Tokyo. Aizawa Jiro, the man-in-charge, was both ambitious and extravagant and his logging operations, which had more than 3,500 Dayak workers, were surrounded with barbed wire perimeters.
The latter had been dissolved in 1799 and the Dutch government assumed all the company’s responsibilities and liabilities. It was at this juncture that the Dutch felt it imperative that they assert their authority and hence their economic control of Eastern spices and produce beyond their hold on Java. However owing to Borneo’s scant economic resources, Dutch priorities were focused on other more gainful areas, namely Java and Sumatra. Nonetheless in 1817 the Dutch entered into a contract for protection with the Sultan of Banjarmasin, whose claim over the throne was contested.