By Molly Ruhlman
Why are non-state actors occasionally granted participation rights in foreign organisations? This ebook argues that IOs, and the states that compose them, systematically pursue their pursuits while granting participation rights to NSAs.
This e-book demonstrates that NSAs have lengthy been members in worldwide governance associations, and that states and bureaucracies haven't consistently resisted their inclusion. whilst, this research encourages skepticism of the idea that expanding participation can be anticipated with the passage of time. the result's a examine that demanding situations a few typically held assumptions in regards to the pursuits of IOs and states, whereas delivering a fascinating comparability of secretariat and nation pursuits with reference to 1 specific element of IO institutional rule and perform: the participation of non-state actors.
Addressing the ordinary assumption that the ability of states and the efficacy of multilateral governance have easily wilted within the warmth of globalization whereas NSAs have flourished, this paintings good points research of key associations akin to UNCEF, UNDP and the surroundings Programme. it is going to be of significant curiosity to scholars and students of diplomacy, the United countries, and NGOs.
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Additional resources for Who Participates in Global Governance?: States, bureaucracies, and NGOs in the United Nations
Neither has the existing literature successfully identiﬁed the interests that states and IOs may have in engaging NSAs, separate from the general complexities of global governance. Accordingly, while I adopt much of the rational functionalist theoretical approach described above, I intend to add to the existing literature the contention that we should consider the speciﬁc interests of IO bureaucracies and member states, as discrete actors. Identifying preferences Identifying the interests of “the states” requires allowing for the difference between the states as a collectivity and the states as individual actors.
The globalization gap and demand-oriented argument tells us that NSA participation in global governance develops when states are compelled to engage these actors in exchange for the power of their knowledge and expertise in an era of increased complexity and waning state power. Since this argument is based on an exchange between IOs and NSAs as a requirement for their participatory roles, it has much in common with the theory and hypotheses elaborated above. The diﬀerence is that the “demand” perspective expects states to be in a weak bargaining position and for the complexity of their work to be important indicators for the extent to which they engage NSAs.
13 Frequently, the goal of increasing system coherence drives the production of a new UN entity, for the purpose of knitting together the fragmented and duplicated activities of numerous other entities—for example, the UN Development Group established in 1997 to facilitate administrative leadership of the 32 UN agencies, programs and funds that play a role in UN development work. This has, arguably, only provided for greater proliferation of the system. Even if UN development organizations coordinate their work on the ground, they continue to have distinct mechanisms for governance at the headquarters level, and each has a unique relationship with NSAs in their speciﬁc governance procedures.