By Martin Gainsborough
Vietnam: Rethinking the country bargains an exhilarating and updated examine the politics of this interesting state because it seeks to make the transition from war-torn monetary backwater to a dynamic and smooth society. The booklet argues for a movement clear of the widely linked notion of "reform," arguing for a deeper figuring out of the concept that and wondering the belief of state-retreat. the result's a path-breaking e-book which will get underneath the outside of Vietnam's politics in a manner which few outsiders another way may perhaps.
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Extra resources for Vietnam: Rethinking the State
To complete house documentation, it was common place for a person to have to visit the district authorities some five times. 9 Ten years on, the Vietnamese media are still full of reports of troublesome administrative procedures: all that has changed is that problem areas have simply shifted somewhat (Gainsborough et al. 2009). Reformist or more parochial interests? Returning to the question of motive, mentioned earlier, it is clear that where disputes occurred in Ho Chi Minh City during the 1990s, city officials were not arguing about the niceties of different approaches to reform – at least not for their own sake – but rather were seeking to defend business and bureaucratic interests associated with the rise of new state business interests and the emergence of the gatekeeping state, which had grown up over the course of the 1980s and 1990s.
Nevertheless, despite the absence of a level playing field, entrepreneurial skill and being responsive to the market were both important. Even if entry to certain sectors was restricted, few companies enjoyed a complete monopoly. Thus, if one company produced a poor-quality product or service, customers could turn to another. The need for companies to be responsive to the market can be seen in the glossy marketing brochures and annual reports that were routinely produced by companies like Saigon Jewellery Company or Saigon Tourist during the 1990s in order to woo customers and investors.
6 Source: Official government statistics. years to 1997. It fell slightly in 1998 and 1999 before stabilizing in 2000. Nevertheless, the number of people employed by the city authorities in 2000 was well above the level recorded in 1990. More detailed data provided by the Ho Chi Minh City statistical office covering the period 1994–98 reveal that some of the largest increases in public-sector employment were in the area of party and state management and construction. How might this be explained?