By Dorothy Moses Schulz, Susan Gilbert
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Extra info for Video Surveillance Uses by Rail Transit Agencies: A Synthesis of Transit Practice (TCRP Synthesis)
In replying to the current synthesis questionnaire, BART was less definitive as to whether all vehicles would be so equipped while CTA continued to indicate that it anticipated installing surveillance in passenger and operator/cab areas of all new vehicles. The length of time between the two studies may account for the change in BART’s response but also indicates that multi-year implementation plans may change as budgets change or as new priorities develop. Overall, the number of agencies committed to equipping all new railcars with surveillance technology had increased substantially since the earlier study (Table 5).
Just as it has consistently upgraded its surveillance camera network, TransLink has seen a need to upgrade its human security network. Although SkyTrain initially was patrolled by Transit Special Constables, in December 2005 TransLink created the South Coast BC Transportation Authority Police Service to allow officers to pursue a suspect outside the transit agency’s property and to coordinate their activities more fully with local police. VIDEO SURVEILLANCE AND PUBLIC PERCEPTIONS OF SAFETY AND SECURITY The TTC/METRAC study was in the forefront of research that determined that the public’s perception of whether transit facilities are safe can affect decisions that will impact ridership.
TABLE 2 PERCENTAGE OF STATIONS, STATION PLATFORMS, AND SHELTERS MONITORED BY VIDEO SURVEILLANCE Category No. Less than 25% 8 26–50% 4 51–75% 8 76–100% 20 Among older, heavy rail systems, both WMATA and MARTA have had surveillance capabilities at all their stations since their inception. However, surveillance systems are not static and need to be upgraded over time. In 2009, for instance, WMATA announced that it would upgrade its cameras on buses, in ventilation shafts, at station entrances, and near the ends of platforms by using funding that included a DHS grant of almost $28 million.