By Spyros Economides, Mats Berdal
After years of paralysis, the Nineteen Nineties observed an explosion within the variety of United countries box operations worldwide. when it comes to scope and point of ambition, those interventions went past the attempted and verified rules of classical UN peacekeeping. certainly, in certain cases - reminiscent of Cambodia, Kosovo and East Timor - the UN presence assumed the shape of quasi-protectorates designed to guide war-torn and deeply divided societies in the direction of lasting peace. This e-book examines the UN's functionality and assesses the broader influence of 'new interventionism' on foreign order and the examine of diplomacy. that includes 8 case experiences of significant UN interventions and an introductory bankruptcy outlining an important theoretical and political positive aspects of the foreign process that have ended in the elevated interventionary practices of the UN, this ebook will attract scholars and researchers in diplomacy and overseas businesses.
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Extra resources for United Nations Interventionism, 1991-2004 (LSE Monographs in International Studies)
The countries involved were on four different continents, and apart from having been marked by the Cold War in the ways just described, and in the case of the second wave by ambiguous legacy of earlier UN interventions, the conflicts in which they were caught up had widely different origins. Nonetheless, we shall be able to assess how the organisation coped with the challenge only if we can identify common themes which united these operations, despite the contrasts. Peacekeeping and peacemaking in the post-Cold War climate Every UN operation rests on two supports, the objects pursued by the member states, and in the final analysis authorised by the Security Council, and their implementation by the Secretariat and/or the various UN agencies to which responsibility is delegated in the field.
17 But at least in this case the UN had been given the clear task of holding the political ring and preparing the country for ‘free and fair’ elections, which it would both organise and oversee. Its control of all administrative agencies in the fields of foreign affairs, defence, public security and information was considered necessary to ensure strict neutrality. This it singularly failed to achieve for reasons examined in chapter 3, but it promoted sufficient order, nonetheless, to preside over an election in which, despite intimidation, over 89 per cent of those on the electoral roll cast their ballot.
Enforcing Restraint: Collective Intervention in Internal Conflicts (New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1993), pp. 241–73; Michael Doyle and Nishtala Suntharalingam, ‘The UN in Cambodia: Lessons for Complex Peacekeeping’, International Peacekeeping, vol. 1, no. 2 (summer 1994), pp. ), Keeping the Peace: Multidimensional UN Operations in Cambodia and El Salvador (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997). ), International Peacekeeping: Building on the Cambodian Experience (Canberra: Australian Defence Studies Centre, 1994); and Trevor Findlay, Cambodia: The Legacy and Lessons of UNTAC, SIPRI Research Report, no.