By Stephanie Cronin
Putting Iran's 'tribal challenge' in its ancient context, Tribal Politics in Iran provides an total overview at the influence of this significant interval at the personality of tribe-state family members in Iran to the top of Pahlavi rule and within the Islamic Republic. It analyzes the political and socio-economic elements undermining tribal politics less than the regime of Reza Shah, and examines the department which happened concerning the 'tribal problem'. the writer argues that at the one hand, it result in glossy ethnic nationalism and at the different, detribalization and absorption into wider type or ideology-based agencies occurred. having a look relatively on the land reform of the early Sixties, and the revolution of 1979, Cronin additionally discusses the ultimate disappearance of the khans as a political strength and the increase of a brand new tribal management dependable to and based upon the regime. This leading edge and significant paintings demanding situations traditional political and scholarly ways to tribal politics.
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Extra info for Tribal Politics in Iran: Rural Conflict and the New State, 1921-1941 (Royal Asiatic Society Books)
Progress and development, order, political stability and national independence all required the suppression of the largely autonomous and ‘feudal’ tribal leaderships and the abandonment by the nomads of their migratory way of life. 4 The novelty of the germinating nationalist view is often underestimated. Prior to the spread of such ideological prescriptions, tribal power in Iran had not been conceptualized as problematic. On the contrary, the Qajar dynasty itself, like its predecessors, was of tribal origin and tribal identities carried considerable status in society.
The tribes’ disruptive power and their perceived impediment to national development was also an irritant, as was particularly the case in Luristan, where the Lur groups obstructed for some years the building of roads and the railway and the economic integration of the interior of Iran with the Gulf ports. Although the new regime which came to power in 1921 was essentially military in character, it was impossible for it to embark on a purely, or even mainly, military solution to the tribal problem.
3 For such currents, and indeed for much of the urban population in general, one of the key tests for any effective Iranian government was its willingness and ability to undertake the eradication of this historical misfortune. Progress and development, order, political stability and national independence all required the suppression of the largely autonomous and ‘feudal’ tribal leaderships and the abandonment by the nomads of their migratory way of life. 4 The novelty of the germinating nationalist view is often underestimated.