By R.D. Penhallurick
Tin in Antiquity is the 1st entire heritage of the early metallurgy of tin, a mine of data in this infrequent, hugely prized steel so very important to the constructing civilization of the Bronze Age. The origins of tin have constantly been a secret, however the writer has unearthed archaeological facts from world wide to track the tinfields used sooner than the invention of ecu deposits. he's taking us on a desirable voyage of discovery throughout the old global, delving into mythology, and enlivening his scholarly textual content with quotations from the Classics and funny anecdotes. As his identify indicates, Roger Penhallurick's roots are deep in Cornwall - previously the world's greatest tin manufacturer, and nonetheless the best in Europe. So it really is becoming that the Cornish part includes nearly part the e-book, for the 1st time amassing jointly all of the facts for tin streaming among 2000 BC and advert a thousand. All surviving artifacts recovered from the tin workings are illustrated and installed their archaeological context. The booklet is lavishly illustrated all through, together with many infrequent outdated pictures, and has a whole bibliography of the wealth of assets that experience contributed to this paintings
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Extra resources for Tin in antiquity : its mining and trade throughout the ancient world with particular reference to Cornwall
The Snake Cave bronze can be justifiably regarded as a freak. Pieces of pins or rods found in 1966 in a 'goat culture' neolithic site at Darra-i-Kur in Badakhshan are also low-tin bronzes, but probably date between about 2190 and 1800 BC. eu 70·98 90·44 Sn Fe Ni Pb Zn Ag 4·91 0-07 0·01 0·65 0·03 5-23 0·17 0·08 2·56 0·08 Non-metals 23·10 1·44 Tin from iMeluhha' 29 AFGHANISTAN MAP OF 711'1LOCATIONS. AND PLACES REF£,RRED TO IN THE TEXT 1/01E fhal rhe cnaraol"c/izeo' u. s. S. R. / /ow -grade, dtZ-post"J-s.
Archaeologists have peppered maps of the Near East with tin sources which investigation finds to be figments of the imagination or, at best, minor occurrences unlikely to have been known in antiquity. Tin has been found recently in North Yemen and, to a greater extent, in the north-central and north-eastern parts of the Shield in Saudi Arabia. The present writer is indebted to K. R. Greenleaves of Riofinex Ltd for supplying relevant details in June 1984. 560-530 million years ago and thus similar to the known minor occurrences in Egypt and Sudan.
The logical conclusion is that the tin came from a remote area. Tin was not the only prized mineral sought after in remote areas. It is instructive to look at the quest for two semi-precious stones, which admirably demonstrates the extraordinary journeys prehistoric men endured to obtain them, and leads us by degrees to identifying distant tin-fields. Among the semi-precious material recovered from Harappa is jade, 15 or, more accurately, nephrite - a tough caicium-magnesium-aiuminium-silicate of variable colour.