Download The Veiled Garvey: The Life and Times of Amy Jacques Garvey by Ula Yvette Taylor PDF

By Ula Yvette Taylor

During this biography, Ula Taylor explores the existence and concepts of 1 of crucial, if principally unsung, Pan-African freedom warring parties of the 20th century: Amy Jacques Garvey (1895-1973). Born in Jamaica, Amy Jacques moved in 1917 to Harlem, the place she turned all in favour of the common Negro development organization (UNIA), the most important Pan-African association of its time. She served because the inner most secretary of UNIA chief Marcus Garvey; in 1922, they married. quickly after, she started to supply speeches and to submit editorials urging black ladies to take part within the Pan-African flow and addressing matters that affected humans of African descent around the globe. After her husband's demise in 1940, Jacques Garvey emerged as a talented organizer for the Pan-African reason. even supposing she confronted significant male chauvinism, she endured in making a detailed feminist voice in the stream. In her ultimate a long time, Jacques Garvey built a thriving community of Pan-African contacts, together with Nnamdi Azikiwe, Kwame Nkrumah, George Padmore, and W. E. B. Du Bois. Taylor examines the numerous roles Jacques Garvey performed all through her lifestyles, as feminist, black nationalist, journalist, daughter, mom, and spouse. Tracing her political and highbrow evolution, the ebook illuminates the management and enduring impact of this notable activist.

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Despite Garvey’s ‘‘mean-spirited’’ attitude toward her and the ultimate failure of her countersuit, she refused to accept the divorce and continued to refer to herself as Mrs. Marcus Garvey until her death in May 1969. This time around there was no public wedding for Marcus Garvey—just Amy Jacques, the judge, a small group of friends, and an exchange of plain gold rings. Who knows if they would have married had the circumstances been less trying. Nonetheless, the unassuming ceremony itself illustrates just how far Jacques had traveled from her middle-class Jamaican upbringing.

Obviously, the black masses worldwide had responded to the unia’s platform: to generate global economic connections between Africans living in the Caribbean, North America, and Africa via its passenger and shipping fleet (the Black Star Line); to redeem Africa from European colonists; and ultimately to link a diasporic identity with a legal African nationality. By 1923 the unia itself resembled a nation. Garveyites elected ambassadors, sponsored expeditions to Liberia, sent commissioners to the League of Nations, and endorsed political candidates.

Jacques, for example, was proud of her ‘‘brown’’ family and was financially well o√ herself; why would she want to be connected with a group that challenged the values of her own circle? ≤∑ She definitely would not have wanted to give anyone the impression that she undervalued her own worth. Any a≈liation with an organization that might question the foundation of her status would almost certainly have been shunned by Jacques and her peers. Financial wealth was the basis of this position, but ‘‘color’’ was at least as important a determinant of one’s place in Jamaican society, as the contrast between Amy Jacques and Amy Ashwood illustrates.

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