By Mats R Berdal
This learn examines Norway's position within the strategic guidelines of the Eisenhower management. it's involved, particularly, with the operational point of yank coverage as expressed throughout the actions and warfare plans of presidency companies and armed prone. It sheds new gentle on US intelligence actions and cooperation with Norway and Nordic international locations (including the U-2 incident); the evolution people ahead maritime approach within the Atlantic; and on making plans for strategic air operations within the occasion of war.
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Additional info for The United States, Norway and the Cold War, 1954–60
And the USAF continued to explore the possibilities which Norway's location appeared to offer in relation to critical target complexes in the USSR-Moscow, the Donbass region (Kharkov), the Urals and the Volga Bridges. In early October 1950, Colonel Bernt Ba1chen, Special Assistant on Arctic Affairs to the Secretary of the Air Force in 1951-52, reported that Sola airport in the Stavanger area was capable of handling very heavy bombers (VHB) and had "more than adequate" logistics capabilitiesY According to Ba1chen, Sola's potential as a operational heavy bomber base for strikes against targets in the Soviet Union was ideal, at a distance of only 1100 nautical miles to Moscow, 1585 miles to Stalingrad, and 1880 miles to Magnitogorsk.
In 1951-52, while Eisenhower's strategic concept for the defence of Europe influenced NATO planning, this was the dominant perspective. Second, the area's potential importance as a springboard for offensive operations was reflected in the agreement between SAC and the Norwegian Air Force in 1952 concerning the wartime use of Sola and Gardermoen. Third, as the Soviet Union improved its air and sub-surface long-range delivery capabilities, Norway and the contiguous sea areas became ever more important for the Arctic and sub-Arctic defence belt of the continental United States (CONUS).
With agreement on a Strategic Concept and the creation of an integrated command structure, a more sustained focus on the problems of defending Europe could be conducted. Two developments in 1951-52 reflected a growing US naval interest in Northern Europe. The first of these was the creation in April 1952 of an integrated Atlantic Command (ACLANT) under a US Supreme Commander (SACLANT). The second was SACEUR's own strategic conception for the defence of Europe which, under General Eisenhower, strongly emphasised the provision of naval support to NATO's northern and southern flanks in the event of war with the Soviet Union.