By Douglas M. Johnston
During this e-book Douglas Johnston presents a synthesis of all disciplines suitable to any point of boundary-making. He outlines the final conception of boundary-making, reports the trendy background of all modes of boundary-making within the ocean, and offers a theoretical framework for the research and evaluate of ocean boundary claims, practices, preparations, and settlements. the writer means that as bilateral treaty-making keeps, major boundary delimitation styles will emerge, a few of that could turn out necessary in non-oceanic contexts of boundary-making and typical source administration similar to Antarctica, airspace and outerspace, and foreign lakes and rivers.
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Additional info for The Theory and History of Ocean Boundary-Making
Typically, mediators and conciliators try to present a broader view of the 32 The General Framework of Boundary-Making problem than adjudicators in a court of law or an arbitral tribunal, even to the point of envisaging a range of alternative diplomatic and bureaucratic solutions. R E L A T I O N S H I P B E T W E E N STAGE A N D INPUT The allocation stage of boundary-making deals primarily with political problems, and it should be assumed that the political perspective will have primacy over other inputs, whether the allocation issues are global, binational, or unilateral.
Today, the concept of a natural boundary is widely criticized by theorists, but the relevance of the physical setting in ocean boundarymaking has received increased emphasis in recent years. In delimitation adjudications, for example, weight has been given to the general "macrogeographical" characteristics of the region affected by the dispute as well as the special "microgeographical" characteristics of the boundary area and adjacent waters (see the section entitled "Modern Dispute Management" in chapter n).
44 Although it may be unwise in most situations to use technology as the basis of international boundaries, the trend to technologically differentiated zones in public administration seems likely to result in an increased use of technological factors in the making and maintenance of internal administrative boundaries, both on land and at sea. 18 The General Framework of Boundary-Making TIME It it evident that the mode of treatment of boundary issues as well as specific outcomes may be affected significantly, and even chiefly, by the time of the undertaking.