By Erik van Ree
This examine of Stalin's political proposal makes complete use of documentation that has only in the near past turn into on hand from the previous vital occasion Archive in Moscow in addition to Stalin's inner most library together with his handwritten marginal notes.
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Marx did not expect the officials to take their defeat easily. Some kind of state of emergency was clearly foreseen by him. In fact, his very use of the term “dictatorship” suggests this. “Dictatorship” in its classical sense refers to a form of unlimited government in which rights are not abolished but suspended. It is not intended to abolish democracy but to prevent it being definitely undone under exceptional circumstances. But in order to reach this goal, martial law, a state of emergency, is called.
From this perspective, Montesquieu’s principle of “division of powers” was not a positive one to prevent undesirable concentration of power but an attempt of the old world to protect its autonomy in relation to the sovereign people. The development of the concept of “dictatorship of the proletariat” can be understood in the context of this Rousseauist model. The point is that, even before the invention of the term “proletarian dictatorship,” Marx and Engels had already propagated dictatorship itself.
Initially, the toilers would continue to be remunerated according to their respective productive achievements. However, the notes with which they might draw their share of the social product, proving the time they had worked, should not be considered as money. Moreover, remuneration should only be differentiated according to the time one had worked. Qualified and unqualified work should be paid equally. Society would pay for the education that people received, so the benefits need not go to the individual toiler.