By James H. Charlesworth
Expansions of the "Old testomony" and legends, knowledge and philosophical literature, prayers, psalms and odes, and fragments of misplaced Judeo-Hellenistic works.
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Additional resources for The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, Vol. 2: Expansions of the Old Testament and Legends, Wisdom and Philosophical Literature, Prayers, Psalms, and Odes, Fragments of Lost Judeo-Hellenistic works
Distinguishable from the others is the Letter of Aristeas; it does not center upon a biblical narrative, but glorifies the translation of the Hebrew scriptures into Greek. Frequently the expansions explain the superiority of Judaism over other religions and may have an apologetic or missionary purpose; almost always they celebrate God's covenant with and guidance of the faithful. The primary focus is upon God's story in history, an ongoing drama in which the author claims to be a participant. The early Jewish strata of the Martyrdom and Ascension of Isaiah belong to the present category; in its final and present form, however, it is clearly an apocalyptic work (especially chs.
ANCIENT DOCUMENTS Bible and Apocrypha Gen Ex Lev Num Deut Josh Judg Ruth ISam 2Sam lKgs 2Kgs IChr 2Chr Ezra Neh Esth Job Ps(s) Prov Eccl (Qoh) Song Isa Jer Lam Ezek Dan Hos Joel Amos Obad Jonah Micah Nan Hab Zeph Hag Zech Mai 2Ezra Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Judges Ruth 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 Kings 2 Kings 1 Chronicles 2 Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther Job Psalms Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Songs Isaiah Jeremiah Lamentations Ezekiel Daniel Hosea Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi 2 Ezra Tob Jdt AddEsth WisSol Sir IBar LeUer PrAzar Sus Bel IMac 2Mac Mt Mk Lk Jn Acts Rom ICor 2Cor Gal Eph Phil Col IThes 2Thes ITim 2Tim Tit Phlm Heb Jas IPet 2Pet Un 2Jn 3Jn Jude Rev Tobit Judith Additions to Esther Wisdom of Solomon Sirach 1 Baruch Letter of Jeremiah Prayer of Azariah Susanna Bel and the Dragon 1 Maccabees 2 Maccabees Matthew Mark Luke John Acts Romans 1 Corinthians 2 Corinthians Galatians Ephesians Philippians Colossians 1 Thessalonians 2 Thessalonians 1 Timothy 2 Timothy Titus Philemon Hebrews James 1 Peter 2 Peter 1 John 2 John 3 John Jude Revelation Pseudepigrapha ApAb TAb ApAdam TAdam LAE Ah AnonSam Apocalypse of Abraham Testament of Abraham Apocalypse of Adam Testament of Adam Life of Adam and Eve Ahiqar An Anonymous Samaritan Text LetAris ArisEx Aristob Art 2Bar 3Bar 4Bar CavTr CIMal ApDan Dem ElMod ApEl HebApEl IEn 2En 3En Eup Ps-Eup ApocEzek ApEzek EzekTrag 4Ezra GkApEzra QuesEzra RevEzra VisEzra HecAb Ps-Hec HelSynPr THez FrgsHistWrks Tisaac Ascenls Martls Visls LadJac PrJac TJac JanJam TJob JosAsen HisUos PrJos Jub LAB LosTr 3Mac 4Mac 5Mac PrMan SyrMen Letter of Aristeas Aristeas the Exegete Aristobulus Artapanus 2 (Syriac Apocalypse of) Baruch 3 (Greek Apocalypse of) Baruch 4 Baruch Cave of Treasures Cleodemus Malchus Apocalypse of Daniel Demetrius Eldad and Modad Apocalypse of Elijah Hebrew Apocalypse of Elijah 1 (Ethiopic Apocalypse of) Enoch 2 (Slavonic Apocalypse of) Enoch 3 (Hebrew Apocalypse of) Enoch Eupolemus Pseudo-Eupolemus Apocryphon of Ezekiel Apocalypse of Ezekiel Ezekiel the Tragedian 4 Ezra Greek Apocalypse of Ezra Questions of Ezra Revelation of Ezra Vision of Ezra Hecataeus of Abdera Pseudo-Hecataeus Hellenistic Synagogal Prayers Testament of Hezekiah Fragments of Historical Works Testament of Isaac Ascension of Isaiah Martyrdom of Isaiah Vision of Isaiah Ladder of Jacob Prayer of Jacob Testament of Jacob Jannes and Jambres Testament of Job Joseph and Aseneth History of Joseph Prayer of Joseph Jubilees Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum The Lost Tribes 3 Maccabees 4 Maccabees 5 Maccabees Prayer of Manasseh Syriac Menander ApMos AsMos PrMos TMos BkNoah Ps-Orph PJ PhEPoet Ps-Philo Ps-Phoc FrgsPoetWrks LivPro HistRech ApSedr TrShem SibOr OdesSol PssSol TSol 5ApocSyrPss Thai Theod T12P TReu TSim TLevi TJud TIss TZeb TDan TNaph TGad TAsh TJos TBenj Vita ApZeph ApZos Apocalypse of Moses Assumption of Moses Prayer of Moses Testament of Moses Book of Noah Pseudo-Orpheus Paraleipomena Jeremiou Philo the Epic Poet Pseudo-Philo Pseudo-Phocylides Fragments of Poetical Works Lives of the Prophets History of the Rechabites Apocalypse of Sedrach Treatise of Shem Sibylline Oracles Odes of Solomon Psalms of Solomon Testament of Solomon Five Apocryphal Syriac Psalms Thallus Theodotus Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs Testament of Reuben Testament of Simeon Testament of Levi Testament of Judah Testament of Issachar Testament of Zebulun Testament of Dan Testament of Naphtali Testament of Gad Testament of Asher Testament of Joseph Testament of Benjamin Vita Adae et Evae Apocalypse of Zephaniah Apocalypse of Zosimus Other Writings Dead Sea Scrolls All abbreviations are according to J.
After the exile God is usually perceived as one who is above. The apocalyptists place him in the highest heaven, far removed from the earth (IEn 1:4, 71:5-11; 2En 20:5), but the prayers interspersed through the apocalypses reveal that he is not inaccessible. ). 298, 352; Martls 1:6b; IEn 71:5-11; 2En 20:5). Knowledge of him is obtained almost always only through the sacred books, the descent of angels (TAb 2:15), the gift of vision (IEn 1:2), or the journey of a seer through the various heavens (2En, Ascenls).