By Ricardo Antunes
Foreword by way of István Mészáros
The Meanings of labor goals to discover a few dimensions of the adjustments occurring within the labour-world, in addition to the results, theoretical and empirical, entailed through those changes, similar to the relevance and pertinence of the class of labour within the modern global. Billions of fellows and ladies rely solely on their labour to outlive and come across more and more volatile, precarious or informal staff and the unemployed. because the contingent of staff has grown, there were an unlimited relief in jobs, rights were corroded and the earnings of the previous were eroded. The Meanings of labor starts off with a much wider notion of labor and seeks to appreciate this new situation of labour this day.
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Additional resources for The Meanings of Work: Essay on the Affirmation and Negation of Work (Historical Materialism Book Series, Volume 43)
See also Brenner 1998a. For the purposes of this study, we are able to present here only a schematic outline of the issue. 3. Brenner 1998a. Dimensions of the Structural Crisis of Capital • 17 It has been the major fall of profitability in the United States, Germany, Japan and in the advanced capitalist world as a whole – and its failure to recover – that has been responsible for the secularly reduced rates of capital accumulation at the root of long-term economic stagnation over the past quarter century.
50. pp. 50–1. pp. 52–9. pp. 52–3. 12 The expansion and power of the welfare-state, however, showed signs of crisis. Besides the various displays of the exhaustion of its Keynesian ‘regulation’ phase mentioned above, another decisive element for the crisis of Fordism also took place: the resurgence of acts of resistance in the world of work and the resulting spread of class-struggle. The emergence of mass-worker revolts and the crisis of the welfare-state From the late 1960s and early 1970s it is possible to talk of the rise of the massworker, a hegemonic segment of the Taylorist/Fordist proletariat working in the sphere of production.
14 • Chapter One deep structural crisis. 29 Thus, rather than great crises separated by reasonably long intervals, followed by expansionary phases – as was the case in the crash of 1929 and, subsequently, the post-war ‘golden age’, the current crisis has manifested more frequent and continuous shocks ever since the very first signs of exhaustion which are often mistakenly confused with a crisis of Fordism or Keynesianism. 28. Mészáros 1995, pp. 597–8. 29. Mészáros 1995, p. 599. Chapter Two Dimensions of the Structural Crisis of Capital The crisis of Taylorism and Fordism as the phenomenal expression of the structural crisis After a long period of capital-accumulation that occurred at the height of Fordism and the Keynesian phase, from the 1970s on, capitalism began to show signs of crisis.