By Ooi Keat Gin
The japanese profession of either British Borneo – Brunei, Sarawak and North Borneo – and Dutch Borneo in 1941 to 1945 is a far understudied topic. Of specific curiosity is the career of Dutch Borneo, ruled via the Imperial eastern military that had long term plans for ‘permanent possession’. This e-book surveys Borneo lower than Western colonialism, examines pre-war jap pursuits in Borneo, and analyses the japanese army invasion and profession. It is going directly to think of the character of eastern rule in Borneo, contrasting the several regimes of the Imperial jap military, which governed the north, and the military. quite a lot of concerns are mentioned, together with the incorporation of the economic climate within the larger East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere and the consequences of this on Borneo’s economic system. The ebook additionally covers concerns corresponding to the connection with a few of the indigenous population, with Islam and the Muslim neighborhood, and the chinese language, in addition to issues of acculturation and propaganda, and significant uprisings and mass executions. It examines the influence of the wartime stipulations and regulations at the neighborhood multiethnic peoples and their responses, delivering a useful contribution to the larger realizing of the importance of the wartime eastern profession within the old improvement of Borneo.
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Additional info for The Japanese Occupation of Borneo, 1941-45 (Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Asia)
Besides European investors, the Japanese were also engaged in rubber planting. 14 In Sarawak Japanese immigrants undertook market gardening on the eastern outskirts of Kuching. 16 At Tanjong Poh, Siniawan, a 400-hectare rubber holding was established by the Yamashita Steamship Company Limited in 1917. Apart from company-owned plantations there were independent Japanese planters that worked on smallholdings utilizing members of the family as labour. 17 In British North Borneo the Kuhara Mining Company, a part of the Nissan combine, acquired a former tobacco estate at Tawau and undertook rubber cultivation as the Tawau Rubber Estate.
Seiji Ide, the managing director of the Japanese Ide, undertook logging operations along the Sesajap and Sebatak Rivers in Bulungan in 1932. 23 Disallowing the operations in Bulungan, the Dutch East Indies government allocated a concession of 50,000 hectares at the mouth of the Sankulirang River near Kutai to Ide and his financial backer, the Oriental Development Company (ODC), based in Tokyo. Aizawa Jiro, the man-in-charge, was both ambitious and extravagant and his logging operations, which had more than 3,500 Dayak workers, were surrounded with barbed wire perimeters.
The latter had been dissolved in 1799 and the Dutch government assumed all the company’s responsibilities and liabilities. It was at this juncture that the Dutch felt it imperative that they assert their authority and hence their economic control of Eastern spices and produce beyond their hold on Java. However owing to Borneo’s scant economic resources, Dutch priorities were focused on other more gainful areas, namely Java and Sumatra. Nonetheless in 1817 the Dutch entered into a contract for protection with the Sultan of Banjarmasin, whose claim over the throne was contested.