By Roger J. Davies
In The jap Mind, Roger Davies deals Westerners a useful key to the original features of eastern tradition. Readers of this ebook will achieve a transparent figuring out of what rather makes the japanese, and their society, tick.
Among the themes explored: aimai (ambiguity), amae (dependence upon others' benevolence), amakudari (the nation's descent from heaven), chinmoku (silence in communication), gambari (perseverence), giri (social obligation), haragei (literally, ôbelly artö; implicit, unstated communication), kenkyo (the visual appeal of modesty), sempai-kohai (seniority), wabi-sabi (simplicity and elegance), and zoto (gift giving), in addition to discussions of child-rearing, own area, and the jobs of girls in jap society. comprises dialogue issues and questions after every one chapter.
All in all, this ebook is an easy-to-use creation to the distinguishing features of jap society; a useful source for anyone—business humans, tourists, or students—perfect for direction adoption, but in addition for a person attracted to eastern tradition.
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Extra resources for The Japanese mind: understanding contemporary Japanese culture
Natural communication often occurred without spoken words, and people followed their elders because they had more experience, wisdom, and power. In order to live without creating any serious problems for the group’s harmony, people avoided expressing their ideas clearly, even to the point of avoiding giving a simple yes or no answer. If a person really wanted to say no, he or she said nothing at first, then used vague expressions that conveyed the nuance of disagreement. People’s words thus came to contain a variety of meanings.
Davies Osamu Ikeno Ehime University Matsuyama, Japan Aimai: AMBIGUITY AND THE JAPANESE Ambiguity, or aimai, is defined as a state in which there is more than one intended meaning, resulting in obscurity, indistinctness, and uncertainty. To be ambiguous in Japanese is generally translated as aimaina, but people use this term with a wide range of meanings, including “vague, obscure, equivocal, dubious, doubtful, questionable, shady, noncommittal, indefinite, hazy, double, two-edged,” and so on (Oe, 1995 p.
44). The most important priority at the moment is to carry out fundamental changes in governmental policy by way of establishing independent inspectors who will monitor the government at all times and ensure the complete separation of big business and government. DISCUSSION ACTIVITIES Exploring Japanese Culture 1. Describe some of the scandals that have occurred recently involving the government and individual companies that are related to amakudari. What has been the outcome of these scandals?