Download The Industrial Geography of Israel by Yehuda Gradus PDF

By Yehuda Gradus

Israel's business geography is exclusive. the ongoing Arab-Israeli clash has been a prime strength at the back of govt intervention in payment styles, and has ended in an incredible attempt to disperse undefined. The geopolitical scenario has additionally inspired a coverage of tried self-reliance, specifically for defence reasons. those components, mixed with an plentiful human capital, have given Israeli high-technology industries a distinct position within the overseas department of labour. The absorption of waves of mass immigration has motivated commercial improvement. Rural industrialisation, in general by way of the Kibbutz (communal payment) move, is one other precise function. the commercial Geography of Israel offers a accomplished review of business spatial improvement of Israel from the Ottoman period to provide instances, comparing business dispersal coverage, company geography, high-technology industries, entrepreneurship and rural commercial improvement. The spatial improvement of Israeli is decided in the broader context of Israel's political and fiscal improvement and of worldwide fiscal swap, in addition to theories of business position and nearby making plans and improvement.

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Jerusalem, the site of the third industrial concentration, lost its supremacy to the vigorously growing coastal cities, and its industry remained dominated by small-scale The pre-statehood roots 41 crafts. Even the Second World War did not lead to substantial industrial growth in Jerusalem. 2 Palestine—spatial distribution of Jewish-owned industrial establishments, 1930–43 Source: Gurevich et at. (1947). most evidence indicates that traditional local specialisations were retained to a large extent, although there was a certain shift towards the coastal plain (Abramovitch and Guelfat 1944).

Hence, Tel Aviv and its vicinity evolved as the major industrial centre, attracting light industries in particular. 2). During the boom period associated with the Second World War, the industrial concentration in Tel Aviv and its vicinity (including Petah Tiqwa) reached about 70 per cent of all Jewish-owned plants. Haifa became a secondary industrial centre, specialising mainly in heavy industries. Its advantageous position in terms of sea and rail transportation was already evident during the last years of Ottoman rule.

Actually, due to the fact that private industrialists were risking their own capital, private industry was more cautious in locating outside the major urban centres (Hataassiya 1955). Political supporters of private industry therefore called for the development of industry without any spatial bias and recommended waiting until market mechanisms attracted private capital to the periphery (Beilin 1987). It should be stressed that this dispute in the early 1950s was conducted along ideological lines between socialist and capitalistliberal approaches.

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