By Ragui Assaad, Caroline Krafft
This e-book fills a huge hole within the wisdom approximately exertions marketplace stipulations in Egypt within the aftermath of the Arab Spring uprisings, and it analyzes the result of the newest around of the Egypt exertions marketplace Panel Survey conducted in early 2012.
The chapters conceal subject matters which are necessary to figuring out the stipulations resulting in the Egyptian revolution of 25 January 2011, together with the endurance of excessive early life unemployment, exertions marketplace segmentation and tension, growing to be informality, and the declining position of the nation as an organisation. It comprises the 1st learn at the effect of the revolution and the consequent fiscal concern at the hard work marketplace, together with concerns comparable to adjustments in gains, elevated lack of confidence of employment, declining woman hard work strength participation, and the stagnation of micro and small company progress. Comparisons are made to hard work marketplace stipulations sooner than the revolution utilizing prior rounds of the survey fielded in 1988, 1998, and 2006. The chapters utilize this precise longitudinal info to supply a clean research of the Egyptian hard work industry after the Arab Spring, an research that was once easily now not possible with formerly latest info.
This e-book is key studying for somebody attracted to the economics of the center East and the political financial system of the Arab Spring.
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Extra info for The Egyptian Labor Market in a Era of Revolution
School graduates in rural areas. In contrast, in both urban and rural areas labor force participation has risen slightly for vocational high school graduates. In contrast to males, females participate at very low levels until the vocational high school level. Female participation then increases further with post-secondary institute and university degrees. This overall pattern is true for both rural and urban females. Over time, the female pattern of labor force participation by education has undergone substantial changes.
The shares of the self-employed have remained relatively stable. Measurement challenges among marginally employed agricultural females are contributing to the large rise in women’s agriculture work in 2006 and its decline in 2012. We therefore primarily compare 1998 and 2012 for female employment trends by institutional sector. There has been very little decrease in the share of the public sector (government and public enterprises) in women’s employment over the 1998 to 2012 period; around half of employed women work in government employment.
While the unemployment rate has increased only slightly, there has been a substantial increase in visible (time-related) under-employment. Additionally, given the increasing levels of education among women and the historically strong relationship between female labor force participation and educational attainment, we would have expected female labor force participation to have risen; instead it has fallen substantially. This is an indication of the declining opportunity structure facing women in the labor market.