Download The Dynamics of Opportunity in America: Evidence and by Irwin Kirsch, Henry Braun PDF

By Irwin Kirsch, Henry Braun

Across the rustic, our youngsters are starting existence from very diversified beginning issues. a few have aspirations and think they are often accomplished. For too many others, aspirations are tempered, if now not dashed, through the sobering realities of lifestyle. those diversified beginning issues position youngsters on extraordinarily assorted trajectories of progress and improvement, eventually resulting in drastically diversified grownup results.

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Part I comprises Chaps. 2 through 5 and sets a context for understanding opportunity in America. Part II includes Chaps. 6 and 7, each focusing on labor market issues as they relate to opportunity. Chapters 8 through 11 make up Part III and explore the relationship between education and opportunity. Part IV looks at opportunity through the political lens. It includes Chaps. 12 and 13. In Part V, a concluding epilogue looks at the concept of inclusive prosperity. Part I: Understanding Where We Are Today Chapter 2 by Douglas S.

Sciarra, tackles the current state of public education finance, with particular reference to the twin goals of equal educational opportunity and educational adequacy. It is commonsensical that districts serving more disadvantaged students require more resources per capita to approach educational equity. In most states that is the case, at least to some degree, but most have also lost ground during and since the Great Recession. Extra resources directed at more poorly funded districts matter, as the authors demonstrate, because they typically result in improvement in factors associated with greater student learning, such as smaller class sizes, more competitive teacher 1 Introduction: Opportunity in America—Setting the Stage 5 wages, and better instructional support.

Our current economic landscape has been shaped by the complex interplay of globalization and technology as well as national and state policies. Many of the resulting changes have been positive. But the technology-driven globalized economy has also had devastating consequences for many American workers. It has changed who is working, where they work, and what they are paid. As a result of increasingly sophisticated technology, millions of jobs have simply disappeared. Assembly line jobs have been replaced by industrial robots, scanners are doing the work of grocery store cashiers, and software has been developed to handle routine administrative jobs formerly performed by bookkeepers and payroll clerks.

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