Download The Development of Yoruba Candomble Communities in Salvador, by Miguel C. Alonso (auth.) PDF

By Miguel C. Alonso (auth.)

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Extra info for The Development of Yoruba Candomble Communities in Salvador, Bahia, 1835–1986

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The Count of Ponte, the former governor of Bahia, complained in 1807, “The slaves of this city . . ”19 Interestingly, when it came to work or economic competition, Mattoso points out that African women were far less likely to attempt to control a particular canto on the basis of nação. ”20 When it came to the question of religion, however, it could sometimes be a different story. Passing though Salvador in 1800, the British traveler John Turnbull was struck by the overall religiosity of Bahian society and noted that he could “say with much satisfaction that there is no country in the world in which religion is in such fashion.

31 What Rodrigues did not understand however was something that has only been made clear by the anthropological work T H E A F R I C A N N AT I O N S O F S A LVA D O R 23 of the mid- to late twentieth century. ”32 While it is true that many Africans chose to practice both religions, they generally did so separately and in a fairly compartmentalized way. Each faith had its own separate physical space, rituals, rules, and guidelines to be observed and were done so on their own terms. Catholicism was practiced within the confines of a church building or in other church-sanctioned institutions.

C. Lloyd, the failure of the Alafin to monopolize these profits altered the very delicate balance of power within the empire itself as the affluence gained by those participating in the slave trade, namely the various chiefs and members of the Oyo Mesi, expressed itself at the expense of the monarchy. 40 In addition, the stakes of control over trade routes among the Yoruba city-states had risen to extraordinary levels. 42 While Maier is probably correct in warning against placing too much emphasis on the slave trade as the trigger for the fratricidal calamity that began in the early nineteenth century and continued until the imposition of British colonial rule at the end of the century, one cannot deny that the revenues and political strategic advantages of controlling the sale of slaves was at the very least one of the primary factors contributing to the bloodshed and chaos that followed.

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