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By Swinburne, Richard

This considerably revised moment variation of a vintage textual content in philosophy of faith explores what it capacity, and if it is coherent, to claim that there's a God. Swinburne takes account of latest advancements within the debate during the last forty years, and develops his perspectives on significant claims concerning the nature of God in mild of modern discussion.

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This considerably revised moment version of a vintage textual content in philosophy of faith explores what it potential, and if it is coherent, to assert that there's a God. Swinburne takes account of new Read more...

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OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 18/3/2016, SPi  RELIGIOUS LANGUAGE have a mental image of having done it. So it was suggested that almost all examples of usage showed that, in order to ‘remember’ having done X, someone needs merely a true belief that he had done X. But then critics pointed out that we would not count someone as having ‘remembered’ having done X merely because he had acquired the belief that he had done X from having read in a book that he had done X. So then it was suggested that, for S to ‘remember’ having done X, his belief that he had done X must have been caused by him having done X.

An objector might deny that this was logically possible, and claim that, while it might seem to an observer that he had always returned to his starting point, he must be subject to an illusion and in fact be returning to a place qualitatively but not numerically identical to his starting point. To rule this out, the proponent might fill out the example by postulating that the explorer left a signed document at his starting point, and always found the identical document whenever he arrived at what looked like his starting point, in whatever direction he went.

16 Thus, although you cannot conclusively verify ‘all ravens are black’, you can make observations that would count as evidence in favour of this sentence. Observing many ravens in different parts of the world and finding them all to be black would count as good evidence favouring ‘all ravens are black’. And, even though you cannot conclusively verify or conclusively falsify ‘all humans are mortal’, you can have good evidence in favour of it—for example, that all of many reliable reports given to you (and so constituting your ‘observation-sentences’) about the lives of many humans state that all of them have died within at least 200 years.

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