By Eldar Shafir
In contemporary years, notable growth has been made in behavioral study on a large choice of issues, from behavioral finance, hard work contracts, philanthropy, and the research of reductions and poverty, to eyewitness id and sentencing judgements, racism, sexism, wellbeing and fitness behaviors, and vote casting. learn findings have frequently been strikingly counterintuitive, with severe implications for public policymaking. during this e-book, major specialists in psychology, determination examine, coverage research, economics, political technological know-how, legislations, medication, and philosophy discover significant tendencies, rules, and common insights approximately human habit in policy-relevant settings. Their paintings presents a deeper knowing of the numerous drivers--cognitive, social, perceptual, motivational, and emotional--that consultant behaviors in daily settings. they offer intensity and perception into the equipment of behavioral examine, and spotlight how this data may possibly impact the implementation of public coverage for the development of society.
This assortment examines the coverage relevance of behavioral technological know-how to our social and political lives, to matters starting from healthiness, surroundings, and nutrients, to dispute answer, implicit racism, and fake convictions. The booklet illuminates the connection among behavioral findings and fiscal analyses, and calls recognition to what policymakers may well study from this tremendous physique of groundbreaking paintings.
Wide-ranging research into people's motivations, skills, attitudes, and perceptions unearths that they fluctuate in profound methods from what's mostly assumed. the result's that public coverage acquires even better value, due to the fact instead of in basic terms facilitating the behavior of human affairs, coverage truly shapes their trajectory.
- the 1st interdisciplinary examine behaviorally trained policymaking
- major behavioral specialists around the social sciences give some thought to vital coverage difficulties
- A compendium of behavioral findings and their program to correct coverage domain names
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Extra resources for The Behavioral Foundations of Public Policy
Board of Education is among the most momentous events in America’s history, leaving no doubt about its historic importance and the significance of its impact on public policy. , Orfield, 2001). The American experiment in desegregation is a reminder that public policies, however noble in intent, may not realize their aspirations if they do not include an understanding of human nature and culture. In other words, they cannot succeed if they are not founded on relevant scientific evidence, which reveals the nature of the problem, the likely outcomes, and how social transformation can best be imagined.
These scholars’ main lines of research lie outside the behavioral arena, but they all have had a longstanding interest in behavioral applications and took it upon themselves to comment on issues raised in this volume, particularly as they interact with their own disciplinary ways of thinking. William Congdon considers some of the ways in which the behavioral perspective can inform economic policy; Donald Redelmeier looks at the ways in which behavioral insights might inform health care policy; Paul Brest focuses his attention on issues surrounding the potential debiasing of policy makers and lawmakers; and Judith Lichtenberg aims a philosophical lens at issues of paternalism, manipulation, and the extent to which behaviorally informed policy making may be good for people.
A picture of when and why implicit and explicit attitudes are likely to be dissociated has begun to emerge. Baldly explicit prejudice on the basis of race and gender often conflicts with social norms of equity and justice and hence is a domain in which implicit-explicit attitude dissociations often occur. , 2009). , 2004). Most importantly, implicit prejudice uniquely predicts related attitudes and behavior over and above explicit prejudice and appears to be related to distinct families of social judgment and behavior.