By Michiko Young, David Young, Tan Hong Yew
The artwork of the japanese backyard strains the advance and mixing of gardening traditions, in addition to the inclusion of recent positive aspects as gardening reached new heights of class on jap soil. The booklet encompasses a variety of the main striking gardens in Japan, together with graveled courtyards, early aristocratic gardens, esoteric and paradise gardens, Zen gardens, warrior gardens, tea gardens and walk gardens.
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Additional resources for The Art of the Japanese Garden
From left to right: Phyllostachys aurea Golden Bamboo (Hoteichiku) Phyllostachys bambusoides "Castillon" Variegated Running Bamboo (Kinmeichiku) Phyllostachys nigra Black Bamboo (Kurochiku) Kenrokuen in Kanazawa City (pages 148-53) has a variety of trees and flowers. It is particularly famous for its cherry trees in the spring, irises and azaleas in the summer, and brilliantly colored leaves in the fall. Koi help maintain the balance of a pond, in addition to adding a touch of color. Swans amid cherry blossoms at Hirosaki Castle Park in Aomori Prefecture, famous for its blossoms.
Com Asia Pacific Berkeley Books Pte Ltd, 61 Tai Seng Avenue #02-12, Singapore 534167. com Printed in Singapore 10 09 08 8 7 6 5 4 3 TUTTLE PUBLISHING® is a registered trademark of Tuttle Publishing, a division of Periplus Editions (HK) Ltd. View of the pond and Kotoji stone lantern at Kenrokuen, a large stroll garden in Kanazawa City (pages 148–53). Cherry blossoms at Ryōanji Temple, Kyoto (pages 108–9). Contents An Ancient Art Form 8 Historical Overview 10 Development of Japanese Gardens 14 Basic Elements and Principles 18 Rocks, Sand and Gravel 22 Walls, Fences and Paths 26 Ponds, Waterfalls and Bridges 30 Decorative Elements 34 Islands, Hills and Pavilions 38 Flora and Fauna 42 The Changing Seasons 48 Behind the Scenes 54 Japan's Traditional Gardens 60 Early Graveled Courtyards 64 Ise Jingū 66 Horyūji Temple 68 Shinden Style Complexes 70 Daikakuji Temple 72 Ninnaji Temple 76 Heian Shrine 78 Esoteric and Paradise Gardens 82 Sanzenin Temple 86 Byōdōin Temple 90 Jōrurihi Temple 94 Zen Temple Gardens 96 Tenryūji Temple 100 Kinkakuji Temple 102 Ginkakuji Temple 106 Ryōanji Temple 108 Daitokuji Temple 110 Warrior Gardens 112 Nishi Honganji Temple 114 Nijō Castle 116 Tea Roji 118 Kōtōin Temple 120 Urakuen 122 Edo Period Gardens 124 Katsura Rikyū 130 Sentō Gosho and Shūgakuin 132 Suizenji Jōjuen 138 Ritsurin Kōen 142 Kenrokuen 148 Okayama Kōrakuen 154 Tokyo Stroll Gardens 156 More Recent Gardens 158 Two Meiji Gardens 162 Two Showa Gardens 164 Japanese Gardens Outside of Japan 168 Modern Residential Gardens 172 Glossary 175 Acknowledgments and Photo Credits 175 Bibliography 176 An Ancient Art Form In Japan, gardening is an art form that has developed over thousands of years, beginning with simple pebbled covered plots on the beach or in the forest, created for ceremonies honoring spirits believed to have come from the heavens or across the sea.
Rocks are arranged into compositions that represent mountains, waterfalls and rugged seascapes. Contrasts between mountain slopes, meadows and valleys are indicated by different species of trees and shrubs that are pruned, clipped and trained into a variety of shapes. Trees and shrubs also are used to connect and provide transitions between the different scenes in a garden. Soil is piled up to create artificial hills; and water is channeled to feed streams, ponds and waterfalls. Additional structural features are the frames provided by fences and walls, as well as the paths and bridges that are used in "entry-style" gardens to guide the visitor along a predetermined course.