By Peter Kroes
This publication offers an try and comprehend the character of technical artefacts and how they arrive into being. Its basic concentration is the type of technical artefacts designed and produced by means of sleek engineering. regardless of their pervasive impression on human pondering and doing, and for this reason at the glossy human , a philosophical research of technical artefacts and engineering layout is missing. one of the questions addressed are: How do technical artefacts healthy into the furnishings of the universe? In what feel are they assorted from items from the flora and fauna, or from the social global? what sort of task is engineering layout and what does it suggest to claim that technical artefacts are the embodiment of a layout? Does it make feel to think about technical artefacts to be morally sturdy or undesirable via themselves as a result means they impression human existence?
The ebook advances the thesis that technical artefacts, conceived of as actual buildings with a technical functionality, have a twin nature; they're hybrid gadgets combining actual and intentional gains. It proposes a conception of technical features and technical artefact forms that does justice to this twin nature, analyses engineering layout from the twin nature standpoint, and argues that technical artefacts, due to their twin nature, have inherent ethical significance.
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Additional info for Technical Artefacts: Creations of Mind and Matter: A Philosophy of Engineering Design
But as a mere physical object, it is not a technical artefact. Without its function, the object loses its status as a technical artefact. This means that technical artefacts cannot be described exhaustively within the physical conceptualisation, since it has no place for its functional features. But neither can it be described exhaustively within the intentional conceptualisation. The latter has no problem with describing the function of a technical artefact in terms of what it is for, and to relate this function to human ends.
One is to give up the assumption about functions determining technical kinds. 22 A rather obvious way to try to amend this function interpretation is by coupling function to intended capacities or intended behaviour. So the malfunctioning telephone might still be a telephone because the physical structure involved is intended to have the capacity to make telephone calls, and a coin is not a screwdriver because it is not intended to have the physical capacity to drive screws (irrespective of whether it may actually be used in that way).
In modern engineering practice this boils down to attributing functions to these parts. The description of the lamp in the second part of the text has a different character. 13 He does not mention aims or functions (except in the description of the clamps ‘h h’, where he uses the expression ‘serve to…’), but describes as accurately as possible ‘what the lamp looks like’. Now the focus is on the material/physical properties of the lamp and its parts and the way in which these parts are physically connected to each other.