Download Swords and Sustenance: The Economics of Security in Belarus by Robert Legvold, Celeste A. Wallander PDF

By Robert Legvold, Celeste A. Wallander

The soundness of the previous Soviet states is threatened by means of their precarious geopolitical place inside a turbulent financial and political surroundings. Swords and Sustenance explores the advanced fiscal measurement of nationwide defense for 2 key post-Soviet international locations, Belarus and Ukraine -- that's, how they've got handled the demanding situations posed by way of inner financial and political reform and their relationships with Russia and the West.The booklet first examines how differing commitments to fiscal and political reform (reform is basically absent in Belarus) have an effect on Belarusian and Ukrainian techniques to protection. It then considers the valuable function of Russia, and the way Russian pursuits and regulations towards Belarus and Ukraine restrict the 2 nations' international and family coverage offerings. chapters talk about the nationwide safeguard implications for Belarus and Ukraine of 2 key fiscal elements of their overseas coverage: power alternate (in the shape of oil, gasoline, and pipelines) and military-industrial cooperation (including the sale of arms). ultimately, the booklet considers the relationships of Belarus and Ukraine with local and international associations and explores the rules of the european, NATO, and the United States towards Belarus and Ukraine.

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Extra resources for Swords and Sustenance: The Economics of Security in Belarus and Ukraine (American Academy Studies in Global Security)

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The vast majority of Belarusians are against Belarus simply becoming part of the Russian Federation. 12 At the same time, there appears to be some confusion as to the compatibility of state sovereignty with membership in a new federation or confederation, to which Lukashenko has often referred as the political end-point of bilateral integration. 13 The narrow appeal of the nationalist constituency in Belarus has meant that elite—let alone popular—support for following the Baltic “fast track” away from Russian influence has been negligible.

26 S E C U R I T Y O R P RO S P E R I T Y ? ”10 The referendum of May 1995, in which overwhelming majorities supported the restoration of Russian as an official language, the continuation of economic integration with Russia, and the reinstatement of Soviet state symbols (83 percent, 82 percent, and 76 percent respectively), illustrated the Belarusian population’s close affinity with Russian (and Soviet) identity. S. State Department and conducted in July 2000 (sample of 1081) indicated that 12 percent of Belarusians spoke Belarusian at home (53 percent spoke Russian) and only 7 percent spoke it at work (63 percent for Russian).

A. Vavilov and O. Vjugin, “Trade Patterns After Integration Into the World Economy,” in J. ), Economic Consequences of Soviet Disintegration (Washington DC: Institute for International Economics, 1993), pp. 141–42. 22 Khromov and Puzanov, “Ekonomika Ukrainy”; Zlotnikov, “Prichiny ekonomicheskogo krizisa,” p. 23. 23 Friedrich List (1789–1846) was an advocate of tariff protection and statesponsored development. 34 S E C U R I T Y O R P RO S P E R I T Y ? 24 However, insofar as this was ever temporarily true of the Ukrainian elite, it was only because they were borrowing arguments made by the nationalist Right—and the ideological gadflies in the Ukrainian leadership soon shied away from the implications.

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