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Evans, ‘Forecasting Coal Production until 2100’. 032 T. E. Norgate, S. Jahanshashi and W. J. Rankin. ‘Assessing the Environmental Impact of Metal Production Processes’, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 15, Issue 8–9, 2007, pp 838–848 Jonathan Owen, ‘Prospects for Borates as Raw Materials in an Energy Economy’, in Proceedings of the International Hydrogen Energy Congress and Exhibition, Istanbul 2005 Desiree J. Polyak, ‘USGS 2007 Minerals Yearbook: Boron’. pdf Page 42 © Copyright Pira International Ltd 2009 Sustainable Mineral Production Bibliography 6 J.

The key concept is added value. Many sustainable practices add value to the product, so even if the sustainable product is more expensive, it can still sell well because of its sustainability and its higher quality. Sustainable As well as environmental and social benefits, many sustainable processing practices have processing practices economic benefits for the companies that introduce them. The strongest sustainable practices integrate the economic, environmental and social aspects of sustainability and will be the most widespread in the future.

Exposure of start-up staff to fluoride emissions and dust. purchase and repair special start-up hoods, plus no tree poles, alumina bagging and soda ash costs. There may be gains in pot service life. All these benefits were achieved with no implementation costs. Improved safety Automation did away with some dangerous tasks at BHP Billiton's Kalgoorlie nickel and efficiency smelter in Western Australia. At Kalgoorlie, gantry cranes move pots containing 10 tonnes of the molten metal to tilting stations where it is poured through jets of water.

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