Download Soviet Space Mythologies: Public Images, Private Memories, by Slava Gerovitch PDF

By Slava Gerovitch

From the beginning, the Soviet human area application had an id trouble. have been cosmonauts heroic pilots guidance their craft during the hazards of house, or have been they mere passengers using thoroughly aboard absolutely computerized machines? Tensions among Soviet cosmonauts and house engineers have been mirrored not just within the inner improvement of the gap application but additionally in Soviet propaganda that wavered among praising bold heroes and ideal applied sciences. Soviet house Mythologies explores the historical past of the Soviet human area software inside a political and cultural context, giving specific consciousness to the 2 specialist groups—space engineers and cosmonauts—who secretly outfitted and publicly represented this system. Drawing on contemporary scholarship on reminiscence and identification formation, this booklet indicates how either the myths of Soviet reliable background and privately circulating counter-myths have served as tools of collective reminiscence identification. those practices formed the evolving cultural photograph of the gap age in renowned Soviet mind's eye. Soviet area Mythologies presents a useful source for students and scholars of area background, historical past of expertise, and Soviet (and post-Soviet) history.

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Soviet Space Mythologies: Public Images, Private Memories, and the Making of a Cultural Identity

From the beginning, the Soviet human house application had an identification difficulty. have been cosmonauts heroic pilots guidance their craft in the course of the hazards of area, or have been they mere passengers using effectively aboard totally automatic machines? Tensions among Soviet cosmonauts and area engineers have been mirrored not just within the inner improvement of the gap software but in addition in Soviet propaganda that wavered among praising bold heroes and ideal applied sciences.

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Extra resources for Soviet Space Mythologies: Public Images, Private Memories, and the Making of a Cultural Identity

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The second time around he answered everything well, and I gave him an A. When going over the transcript before publication, Tikhonravov made a note on the margins: “I told this just for you. ’ memory could circulate only privately, without rising to the surface of public discourse. The engineers and the cosmonauts resented the obvious gap between their private memories and the official story. Forced to toe the official line in public, they let off their frustration in diaries and private conversations.

The Soviet human space program was declared to be entirely peaceful, and the cosmonauts’ military uniforms seemed to be sending a contradictory message. The space program leadership was divided over the issue of military-related imagery. The question whether the first woman cosmonaut, Valentina Tereshkova, should be dressed in uniform or in civilian clothes on her official photo had to be decided by the Party Central Committee. 48 The conquest of space became symbolically associated with the Soviet victory over Nazi Germany.

One joke was about Brezhnev instructing cosmonauts: Brezhnev invites a group of cosmonauts. —Comrades! The Americans have landed on the Moon. We have conferred and decided that you would fly to the Sun! —But we’d burn down there, Leonid Il’ich! —Don’t worry! The Party has thought it all through. ” The mockery was thus aimed not just at the Soviet politicians but also at the cosmonauts. The Jewish emigration in the 1970s added to the wave of cosmonaut jokes: “Armenian Radio asked the question: Why is it that the Soviet Union is not sending cosmonauts to the Moon?

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