By Kweku Ewusi-Mensah
Failed or deserted software program improvement initiatives fee the U.S. economic system by myself billions of bucks a yr. In software program improvement disasters, Kweku Ewusi-Mensah deals an empirically grounded examine that means why those mess ups take place and the way they are often refrained from. Case reviews analyzed comprise the well known verify commute reservation application, FoxMeyer's Delta, the IRS's Tax method Modernization, the Denver overseas Airport's luggage dealing with process, and CODIS.It has been expected that one-third of software program improvement tasks fail or are deserted outright due to price overruns, delays, and lowered performance. a few think of this a suitable hazard -- that it really is easily the price of doing enterprise. Ewusi-Mensah argues that realizing the standards focused on improvement disasters can help builders and companies convey down the speed of software program failure and deserted projects.Ewusi-Mensah explores the explanations software program improvement tasks are liable to failure and why problems with administration and association are on the center of any failed venture. He examines those initiatives no longer from a deterministically technical standpoint yet as a part of a posh technical and social approach; he proposes a framework of things that give a contribution to the choice to desert a venture and enumerates the hazards and uncertainties inherent in every one section of a project's lifestyles cycle. Exploring the multiplicity of things that make software program improvement dicy, he provides empirical information that's bolstered by way of analyses of the suggested situations. He emphasizes the position of the consumer within the improvement approach and considers the influence of organizational politics on a undertaking. ultimately, he considers what classes will be realized from prior mess ups and the way software program improvement practices will be greater.
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Hence we do not focus on Internet- and Web-based software projects in our discussion, because such an approach would not provide any additional insights into the causes or contributors to the failure of those projects beyond what is applicable to complex software development projects. In addition, as dis cussed in Ewusi-Mensah and Przasnyski 1991, 1994, some software pro jects may fail as a result of changes in the organization's structure or Software Development Project Failures 27 competitive business environment; these changes may require a reexam ination of the basis for the continued funding of the projects in question.
Thus it can be observed that all software Software Project Characteristics 45 projects face risks; the severity of these risks and the manner in which they combine ultimately decide the fate of the project. Conclusion We can therefore surmIse that software projects possess the intrinsic characteristics described above, which collectively make them susceptible to the problems of failure-in terms of cost overruns, schedule delays, incomplete functional specifications, and, at times, even outright termi nation or abandonment.
Highmark's HighBAR Project Highmark, a $5 billion health insurance company based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, contracted with the KPMG consulting group in May 1999 to develop an electronic billing and accounts receivable system for the company at an estimated cost of $15 million. The project was to be completed by the end of the first quarter in 2002. The project, named HighBAR, was divided into four phases, and work on the first phase was begun in July 1999. In April 2001, KPMG requested $8 million to complete the first phase in addition to the $12 million already paid by Highmark for what was only 20 percent of the project.