Download Scientism and Humanism : Two Cultures in Post-Mao China, by Shiping Hua PDF

By Shiping Hua

This booklet is a research of the transformation of chinese language political cognizance throughout the post-Mao period. Departing from the typical knowledge of the day that Deng Xiaoping's pragmatic-oriented reform has made ideological dialogue inappropriate, this e-book holds that whereas it truly is most likely actual that no unmarried, fastened ideology has existed through the interval, the ideological dimensions not just have persevered, but in addition may be analyzed systematically.

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Additional resources for Scientism and Humanism : Two Cultures in Post-Mao China, 1978-1989

Example text

Among the three sub-series of Xiandai xueshu wenku (Modern Scholarship), Xinzhi wenku (New Knowledge) and Xueshu yanjiu congshu (Scholarship Series) under Culture: China and the World, the first sub-series is targeted mainly at those professionals who work in research institutes. Gan Yang, who is the leader of this group, is known for his studies on Hans-Georg Gadamar (1900 ) and Paul Ricoeur (1913 ). His point of departure, however, is closer to Jürgen Habermas Page 5 (1929 ) in the sense that Gan is critical of not only scientism but also the Chinese cultural tradition.

Deng said at the conference that the modernization of science and technology had to take priority over the three other modernizations of industry, agriculture and national defense. In the same year, Hu Yaobang who later became Secretary General of the party wrote an article entitled "Smash Superstition, Master Science" for the first issue of Zhongguo qingnian magazine after the Cultural Revolution. 1 The superstition refers to Mao's personality cult, while the science refers to the principles guiding the newly started reform.

4. Scientism. 5. IntellectualsChina. 6. ChinaPolitics and government1976 I. Title. 5'323dc2094-21098 CIP 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Page v CONTENTS Preface vii PART I Origins of the New Thinking 1 Introduction: Scientism Versus Humanism 1 Chapter 1 Science, Scientism and Humanism 9 What Is Science 10 What Is Scientism 15 What Is Humanism 20 Theoretical Assumptions 22 Carriers of New Thinking: The Establishment Intellectuals 25 Chapter 2 Historical Origins of the New Thinking 33 Cultural Origins: Holistic-Monistic Chinese Tradition 33 Political Origins: Voluntarism and Ethic-Purism of the Cultural Revolution 39 Economic Origins: The Country Has Become Richer, the People Have Become Poorer.

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