By S. H. Franklin (auth.)
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Extra info for Rural Societies
Whether it can be achieved is open to debate. To date the German experience has not been encouraging. Evidence from the Federal Republic reveals growing income disparities within the peasantry, but the evidence is of a disputable nature. 51 For structural and historical reasons these socio-economic disparities may assume the nature of a regional problem- on a grand scale as in the case of the Mezzogiorno and the upland areas ofYugoslavia, on a smaller scale as in the Eifel-Hunsriick, Schleswig-Holstein and in Groningen and Friesland.
9 (1963) 13-29. 31 Rural schools are often below standard. Scholastically, farm children are hampered by a poverty of expression and a lack of vocabulary. The language of the school is not that of the home. Mathematically they are less handicapped, but in their daily lives they lack the variety and stimulus of the city child. Some educationalists believe this to be detrimental to the intellectual development of the child. Farm work and schooling are competitors. Faudry was forced to conclude from his survey data that the majority of those who were going to remain in farming were receiving no more than an elementary education.
Most of the consequences, unfortunately, still await documentation. Wives are never prominent in peasant affairs, but their contribution to the labour input of the farm, as well as to the running of the household, their knowledge of farming and livestock, the addition they make to the property itself in the form of a dowry or real estate, grants them a considerable status and influence in family and farm affairs. The menial nature of their tasks about the farm, the drudgery of their life, their lack of education, their restricted social ambient often appal the urban visitor.