By Farha Ghannam
With the intention to restyle Cairo right into a international capital that might meet the calls for of visitors and traders and to accomplish President Anwar Sadat's aim to modernize the housing stipulations of the city negative, the Egyptian govt relocated citizens from what was once deemed precious genuine property in downtown Cairo to public housing at the outskirts of the town. in keeping with greater than years of ethnographic fieldwork between 5 thousand working-class households in the community of al-Zawyia al-Hamra, this research explores how those displaced citizens have handled the stigma of public housing, the lack of their confirmed neighborhood networks, and the range of the inhabitants within the new place. formerly, few anthropologists have brought certain case reviews in this fresh phenomenon. Ghannam fills this hole in scholarship with an illuminating research of city engineering of populations in Cairo. Drawing on theories of perform, the learn strains a few of the strategies and techniques hired by way of contributors of the relocated staff to acceptable and rework the state's figuring out of "modernity" and hegemonic building of house. trained through fresh theories of globalization, Ghannam additionally indicates how the starting to be value of non secular id is yet one of the contradictory ways in which international trajectories mould the identities of the relocated citizens. Remaking the trendy is a revealing ethnography of a operating classification community's fight to suitable sleek amenities and confront the alienation and the dislocation caused by nationwide rules and the search to globalize Cairo.
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Additional info for Remaking the Modern: Space, Relocation, and the Politics of Identity in a Global Cairo
Rioters attacked and burned buses, stores, nightclubs, and bars. 17 These riots shocked Sadat. Ahmed Baha´ al-Din (1987: 127) reported that Sadat felt betrayed and threatened and strongly resented the demonstrators, who almost reached his house in Giza. ” After these riots, Sadat, according to Baha´ al-Din, hated Cairo and its residents, whom he described as “arzal” (rude or insolent). 38 T H E C R EAT I O N O F A G LO BA L C I TY ReXecting on these riots, Sadat described how three communists tried to set Wre to the paper storage place of two daily newspapers, AlAkhbar and al-Ahram.
In addition, it “produces eVects at the level of desire and also at the level of knowledge” (Foucault 1980b: 59). This is not to say that people embraced everything they heard in the state-controlled media. In fact, they were usually very critical of what they heard, often dismissing it in favor of what they heard from other sources, such as the mosque. They frequently questioned how the country was run, discussed the many problems they faced daily, and linked their problems with the corruption of state oYcials.
These new apartments are examined in chapter 2 as structured spaces that manifest the state’s understanding of modernity. Drawing on the writings of Bourdieu and de Certeau, I explore the “tactics” and “strategies” employed by the relocated population to articulate this understanding and the state’s hegemonic construction of space with their cultural dispositions, religious beliefs, and daily needs. People not only have utilized the new spaces in ways that were not intended by state planners but also have physically transformed these spaces.