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By Christiane R. Conrad

Regardless of a decades-long debate, beginning with the 'Tuna-Dolphin' disputes of the Nineties, questions about the prestige of nationwide regulatory measures associated with methods and construction tools in WTO legislation haven't begun remained unsolved. Likewise, labelling standards on the subject of unincorporated features of a product's existence cycle stay strongly contested. those ongoing disputes on the WTO in addition to worldwide social and environmental demanding situations concerning fiscal actions exhibit how topical and demanding the quest for enough solutions nonetheless is. tactics and construction tools (PPMS) in WTO legislation identifies and comprehensively analyses the most important criminal difficulties pertaining to such measures, environment them within the context of the present debate and its financial and regulatory history. Christiane R. Conrad develops a brand new method of this debate which attracts at the ambitions and validated fiscal rationales of the WTO Agreements

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Additional resources for Processes and Production Methods (PPMs) in WTO Law: Interfacing Trade and Social Goals (Cambridge International Trade and Economic Law)

Example text

Whether or not the product–process distinction has legal value depends on the relevant provisions of the agreements, which will be analysed comprehensively in Part II. 2 Processes and production methods The concept of processes and production methods (PPMs), serves to flank the product–process distinction. Under the product–process distinction, measures relating to the production process are assumed to have a special legal status. The objective elements which lead to this legal status, accordingly, are the processes and production methods to which such measures are linked.

Jackson (1997, 2000a) p. 236 and Berrisch (2003), p. 88, who state that the distinction remains useful but should not be applied too rigidly. 3 Overview of the PPM debate 25 relating to product labelling or to requirements regarding traceability of products, potentially falling into the scope of other WTO Agreements, attracted considerable attention. Especially in the Western developed world, labelling schemes including provisions relating to PPMs or other NPAs have been adopted. The discussion on PPM labelling schemes addresses numerous questions relating to the scope of the TBT Agreement, the permissibility of such schemes under its provisions and the relationship of the TBT Agreement and the GATT.

While scientists and researchers from different disciplines have been investigating extensively the serious medium- and long-term effects of these neglected costs on the economy, the environment and on humankind, corresponding changes in the global economic systems are not yet conceivable. There are good reasons to believe that, together with technological progress, international trade has enormous potential as a tool to tackle these global problems successfully. However, political stakeholders and society still need to develop sufficient will and capabilities to tap the potential and utilize this tool effectively.

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