By Howard H. Lentner
Not easy the normal view that globalization embodies a brand new and inexorable technique, this booklet analyzes the political foundations and offerings fascinated with modern preparations on the earth. instead of treating politics as rivalry for regulate over an unforeseeable destiny, the e-book explains the heritage through which the realm has arrived at its current nation. therefore Lentner offers a view that emphasizes continuity with the earlier, whereas nonetheless acknowledging what's new within the current. Invoking many examples all through, Lentner bolsters the theoretical research in a longer case learn of Malaysia.
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Extra resources for Power and Politics in Globalization: The Indispensable State
In other words, rather than undermining states, markets contribute to conditions that require their strengthening. The histories of the United States and other leading countries demonstrate that effective governments provided the bases for the growth of national markets. In the United States, consolidation of states’ debts after the Revolution and territorial expansion through purchase and conquest prepared the way for a national market. Even in those cases where private activities led the way, as in frontier settlements, it was necessary for the national government to establish order and to legislate rules under which private activities could flourish.
These arguments suggest that continuity rather than discontinuity more accurately frames contemporary life. Despite technological change and increasing economic integration throughout the world, the world early in the twenty-first century more nearly resembles conditions of a century earlier than it differs. After considering the claims of post-modern critics who deny it, one still concludes that reason remains a fixture of human endeavor. Thus globalization trends comprise a continuous process rather than a discontinuous one.
On the other hand, some writers make a crucial distinction between developmental and predatory states (Evans 1995), a difference that has been accepted more broadly (World Bank 1997). Almost as an afterthought in the post-Cold War period, developmental states may also be contrasted with centrally planned economies, for they are invariably conceived as states with market economies. Thus the distinction between developmental and predatory states turns out to be a modern one. Predatory states are those in which an independent civil society remains weak or suppressed and the wealth accumulated in the economy is appropriated by a small elite that monopolizes power in the society.