By E.J.B. Allen
Diplomatic negotiation of our day is a curious mixture of nationwide pastime in the bloc suggestion. The remnants of our 19th century country alism struggles - part willingly - with the facility higher continental or ideological bloc may well carry. within the 16th century males knew that the protecting bloc of Christendom wouldn't supply peace, but they weren't convinced that the hot nationwide states may safe it both. we've got a lot to realize from a examine of diplomatic strategies and associations in one of these transitional interval. This monograph relies upon the good collections of released diplomatic correspondence of britain, France, and Spain and, due to the generosity of Dr. De Lamar Jensen, i've been lucky in having at my disposal his hoard of microfilmed letters and dispatches of the top ambassadors of the 16th century. after all, i haven't learn all of the diplomatic correspondence, yet i feel i've got culled adequate info to teach and learn the position performed by way of the publish and courier provider within the international relations of Early Modem Europe.
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Extra resources for Post and Courier Service in the Diplomacy of Early Modern Europe
C. Kervyn de Volkaersbeke and I. L. A. Diegerick, Documents historiques concernants les troubles des Pays-Bas, 1577-1584 (Gand: 1857), I, p. 146; M. ), Lettres de Henri III (Paris: 1959-1965), I, p. 38; CSP Eliz For, XVI, p. 337; Petitot, Memoires: Castelnau, XXX1II, p. 304. 24 THE DIPLOMA TIC COURIER: SOME GENERALIZATIONS In times of political friction. throughout the sixteenth century there were instances of tampering with the packets. outright theft. highway robbery and assassinations of a number of couriers.
There are a number of instances of couriers passing themselves off as merchants. " Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, the fiery English ambassador to France, wrote to Secretary William Cecil in March 1560 that he was amazed that one Wilson, a Scot, had passed through England as a scholar going to Louvain. The scholarly disguise was perhaps all right for a suitable person. In 1589 it was evidently safer to ape the peasant than scholar for even the couriers "who were French born, knew the country [and who] dressed as peasants, went in continual danger of having their throats cut," reported an Englishman to Lord Burghley.
Breakfast @ 15 sols (1/6) 3 meals (1 other meal per day @ 4 sols) (5d) 7) Passport 8) Health certificate 9) Tips 10) Other Total 9 2 0 1 2 4 4 6 3 1 0 0 2 11 1 5 3 0 1 8 This calls for a point by point explanation: 1) 55 miles or 6 stages from London to Dover would cost the courier minimum prices. no guides. etc. When Sir Edward Stafford was on his way to France to take up his ambassadorial appointment. this leg of the journey cost him 12/6. The courier would be sure not to be overcharged. especially on his home ground.