Download Positivism and Christianity: A Study of Theism and by Kenneth H. Klein (auth.) PDF

By Kenneth H. Klein (auth.)

This essay is conceived as a serious exposition of the valuable concerns that determine within the ongoing dialog among Logical Positivists and neo­ Positivists at the one hand and Christian apologists at the different. My expository goal is to isolate and to explain the most concerns that experience emer­ ged within the prolonged dialogue among males of Positivistic flip of brain and males sympathetic to the claims of Christianity. My severe objective is to choose ordinary, influential stands which were taken on every one of those concerns, to evaluate their viability, and to isolate definite dilemmas which dialogue of those concerns has generated. i'm confident that the now as a rule rejected verifiability thought of that means is particularly normally misunderstood and has been rejected usually for the inaccurate purposes. ahead of it's solid off-if it's to be forged off-what is required is a reconsideration of that concept and of the objections that its numerous formulations have elicited. in addition, a minimum of in part due to a misconstruing of the verifiability doctrine, there were a few interesting-though in my view unsuccessful-claims complicated concerning the testability-status of sentences expressive of Christian trust. additionally, of their haste to vindicate Christianity, a few apologists were really cavalier, for my part, approximately what "Christianity" contains. This quantity deals what i am hoping could be a transparent assertion and research of the main issues at factor among Positivism and Christianity, including my very own evaluation of the place the argument stands now.

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God loves us" thus fails to declare that things stand thus and so, and not otherwise. It declares that however things stand, God loves us. " Failing a description of the state of affairs with which theological sentences are incompatible there is a collapse in communication: without some apprehension of what facts a statement holds not to obtain-without some sense of what a statement denies-one is by that fact unable to tell what a statement asserts. What Flew asks of the es Flew, "Theology and Falsification," p.

Where is the crux, the experiential watershed such that if the evidence were to fall one way, we would be entitled to say that God loves us, and if the evidence were to fall the other way it would "not merely (morally and wrongly) ... tempt but also (logically and rightly) ... 69 Since the Positivist thought that there is no such crux, he concluded that theological sentences are without factual significance. RETROSPECT. The argument in this section, elaborated principally by reference to Antony Flew, may be summarized as follows.

Only assertions about empirical facts admit of verification. "39 A necessary condition of a genuine factual statement is that it be possible to specify the empirical conditions which would constitute its verification or its falsification. 3. "The statement that God exists is not Verifiable" The Positivist maintained that the statement that God exists is, at least putatively, a statement of fact. He contended, in effect, that the entire class of theological sentences depended either for their truth or for their appropriateness upon its being a fact that there is a God.

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