By Axel Kaehne
This is the 1st finished learn of Russian political and social suggestion within the post-Communist period. The e-book portrays and seriously examines the conceptual and theoretical makes an attempt via Russian students and political thinkers to make feel of the demanding situations of post-communism and the rigors of financial, political and social transformation. It brings jointly a few of the strands of political idea which were formulated within the wake of the collapsed communist doctrine. It engages constructively with the varied makes an attempt through Russian political theorists and social scientists to articulate a coherent version of liberal democracy of their nation. The publication investigates serious, in addition to beneficial voices, within the Russian debate on liberal democracy, a debate usually marked through eclecticism and, every now and then, little conceptual self-discipline. As such, the ebook may be of significant curiosity either to Russian experts, and to all these drawn to political and social idea extra widely.
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Extra info for Political and Social Thought in Post-Communist Russia (BASEES/Routledge Series on Russian and East European Studies)
Some scholars have paid closer attention to the exact relationship between institutions and individuals in Russian society. The notion of law also features prominently in the work of Kostiuk (2003 and 2003a), who argues that normsetting institutions like the Orthodox Church bear a special responsibility in times of social and economic transformation. In his view, echoed by polls on moral attitudes amongst the Russian population, post-Soviet times are marked by a confusion of values, and religious organisations ought to assist the evolution of new stable social ethics.
These facts alone make indispensable some minimal form of the institutions of property . . in the distinctive kind of rule which requires respect for it. (Hart 1994: 196) For Hart this necessitates some form of co-operation and division of labour without which no society can survive in the long run. Any modern society thus must ensure that, in whatever form property is instantiated at a particular time, it receives protection so as to enable people to engage in co-operation facilitating some basic amount of trust and reliability.
However, Oakeshott presented a truly theoretical argument while Hegel sought the philosophical path. Both arguments reiterate equally strongly, however, the normative aspect of law in liberal societies. And, since he argues against Kant’s idea that both morality and law originate in the categorical imperative, Hegel’s argument in fact indicates the profound difference between law and morality. Yet, to delineate the likely transitional course from the pre-political to the political in a community regulated by a basic form of morality, one does not need to take recourse to either Hegel’s or Kant’s idea of law.