Download Nuclear Arms Control: Nuclear Deterrence in the Post-Cold by Tom Sauer PDF

By Tom Sauer

The proliferation of nuclear guns has been outlined because the gravest strength danger to foreign peace and protection. the concept that of nuclear deterrence needs to be revisited during this regard. The longer the Nuclear Weapon States carry directly to their nuclear guns, the larger the opportunity that nuclear guns could be unfold and may be used (once back) by chance, in a licensed or unauthorized manner, or that nuclear terrorism turns into fact. The marginalizing of nuclear guns leading to a Nuclear Weapon unfastened international will be regarded as a achievable replacement.

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Extra resources for Nuclear Arms Control: Nuclear Deterrence in the Post-Cold War Period

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During the Cold War in the framework of the concept of 'Assured Destruction' a very high destruction level had been established by Secretary of Defense Robert MeN amara. The United States was capable of terminating 20-25 per cent of the Soviet population and 50-60 per cent of the industrial complex of the former Soviet Union after a Soviet first strike. This required at least 400 one megaton nuclear weapons as a US second-strike force (on the first day of the conflict). In other words, after a Soviet first strike the United States had to be able to keep enough nuclear weapons intact for a nuclear attack with an equivalent explosive power of 400 mt.

The latter is one of the most important objectives of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). The 1995 NPT Extension Conference is even clearer: 'the determined pursuit by the Nuclear Weapon States of systematic and progressive efforts to reduce nuclear weapons globally, with the ultimate goal of eliminating those weapons, ... '. Two factors on top of that make experts realize that the costs of nuclear deterrence in the long run are far higher than the benefits: (1) the end of the bipolar power system which has dominated the international system for more than 40 years, and (2) the proliferation of nuclear weapons in the post-Cold War era which is rightly described as one of the gravest potential threats to international peace and security.

53 To conclude, the direct risks of a preventive or pre-emptive first strike are real and should not be underestimated. Nuclear arms race As one can never be sure how many and which nuclear weapons the opponent possesses, the risk that the opponent gains a quantitative advantage so that he might consider a first strike, leads to a massive arms race. This results in its turn in an increased degree of distrust and instability. An arms race is an excellent example of the so-called security dilemma.

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