By Bryna Goodman
This ebook explores the function of local position institutions within the improvement of recent chinese language city society and the position of native-place identification within the improvement of city nationalism. From the overdue 19th to the early 20th century, sojourners from different provinces ruled the inhabitants of Shanghai and different increasing advertisement chinese language towns. those immigrants shaped local position institutions starting within the imperial interval and persisting into the mid-twentieth century. Goodman examines the modernization of those institutions and argues that less than susceptible city govt, local position sentiment and association flourished and had a profound impression on urban lifestyles, social order and concrete and nationwide identification.
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Extra info for Native Place, City, and Nation: Regional Networks and Identities in Shanghai, 1853-1937
Although they made a strong comeback, the brief era of Guangdong primacy gave way before the renewed vigor of their Ningbo competitors. Before recounting the vicissitudes of Guangdong fortunes in Shanghai, it is useful to sketch the origins and the development of the Guangdong community in Shanghai. This discussion also serves to illustrate the dynamics of native-place organization, fission, fusion and extinction, continuous processes defining and altering associational life. What non-Guangdong natives frequently referred to as the Guangdong bang was not a unified group.
393-96.  Violent collective confrontations rocked Shanghai repeatedly in the second half of the nineteenth century, contrasting with Hankou in the same period, described by William Rowe as "remarkably free from open, large-scale group confrontations and protests ".. " See Rowe, Hankow: Conflict and Community , 1, 8-9. Rowe suggests that subcommunity ties (including native-place ties) helped to "nurture the larger community" and keep peace. Although at times Shanghai native-place groups helped maintain order, as the Small Sword Uprising and Ningbo Cemetery Riots demonstrate, they were also critical to the mobilization of social conflict.
Guangdong people developed expertise in foreign trade when trade with western countries was restricted to the port of Guangzhou (Canton), and this advantage facilitated their rise to wealth and power. Guangdong power in Shanghai reached both its height and its comeuppance in the Small Sword Uprising of 185355, when the city was occupied for seventeen months by Guangdong and Fujian rebels. When lackluster imperial forces finally crushed the internally disintegrating rebellion, the Guang-dong people were defeated and disgraced.