By Amyn B. Sajoo
Fresh political and social occasions, in addition to advances in technology and know-how, have posed demanding situations to the normal Muslim discourse on ethics.
In this e-book, new in paperback, Amyn B. Sajoo examines those demanding situations and severely analyzes the results of rising projects in political pluralism and civic tradition in addition to strikes in bio-medicine and environmental conservation. He considers how the contours of public ethics in Islam will be redefined to supply shared conceptions of the nice and the essentially important in pluralist societies.
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Yet that aspect of ethics, as furnishing a critique of political and individual conduct, was in contestation with the role of the enacted Shari‘a, itself derived from the moral framework of the Qur’an and the Hadith. ⁵⁵ e decline of ijtihad was accompanied by a pattern of compartmentalizing law and politics, so that the latter – siyasa – became the domain of the caliph or sultan, as an exercise in kingship. e law, in all its potent civic and religious if not intellectual authority, was the domain of the ulama or religio-jurists.
Might the physician’s obligation under the Islamic Code to safeguard ‘freedom from pain and misery’ on the part of the individual patient then acquire a greater prole? At the same time, given the risk entailed in physician-assisted suicide, which remains beyond the pale in most jurisdictions across the world (both because of the scope for abuse and the need to preserve the physician’s normative commitment to the sanctity of life), society must remain alert to its stake in the wider context in which individual autonomy in ending life is asserted.
E liberal characterization of civil society as – ideally – a zone of freedom, tolerance and politico-economic choice that can face down the despotism of states and even the atomization of communities,³⁹ clearly stems from very specic experience. is includes historical contests among monarchical and church institutions and the emerging bourgeoisie, and the more recent east/central European tussles between totalitarian state institutions and the volk. e upshot is a Civic Truth in which the State is generally seen as bad and Society as good.