By Sue Wright
There's a want on the center of linguistic theorizing to take account of bi- and multilingual views. within the box of language making plans, problems with bilingualism are usually perceived via monolingual filters and resolved by way of monolingual responses. during this quantity, problems with monolingualism, multilingualism and id are addressed without delay in stories of Canada and Spain.
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Battlefields of Canada encompasses approximately three hundred years of historical past and lines 16 of the main major Canadian battles in addition to essentially the most comedian or strange. Profusely illustrated with sketches, pictures, and exact maps, each one bankruptcy units the context of the conflict by way of the fight of which it used to be half, after which describes the hour-by-hour occasions.
English financial institution robbers at the run occur in Newfoundland. A mythical Nova Scotia detective suits wits with smugglers. within the West the Mounties tune down bandits and rustlers. Vancouver cops seek out the bank-robbing Hyslop Gang within the Nineteen Thirties. A decade later the Polka Dot Gang rampages throughout Southern Ontario.
While a shattered kayak and camping out equipment are came across on an uninhabited island within the Pacific Northwest, they reignite a secret surrounding a stunning act of protest. 5 months past, logger-turned-activist provide Hadwin had plunged bare right into a river in British Columbia's Queen Charlotte Islands, towing a chainsaw.
In may possibly 1914, four hundred Sikhs left for British Columbia via chartered send, resolved to say their correct to equivalent therapy with white electorate of the British Empire and strength access into Canada. They have been anchored off Vancouver for over months, enduring severe actual privation and harrassment via immigration officers, yet defying federal deportation orders even if the Canadian govt tried to implement them with a gunboat.
Extra info for Monolingualism and Bilingualism: Lessons from Canada and Spain (Also Pub As Vol 2, No 1 of Current Issues in Language and Society)
This seemed acceptable; at Meech Lake, Quebec in 1987, all parties agreed to a 'package' which included at its core 'distinct' status for the province. But all provincial legislatures had to ratify this agreement by June 1990and this was not accomplished. The main ingredients of the failure were these: (1) between 1987 and 1990 some provincial governments changed, and the existing support for the deal was not sustained; (2) Quebec passed a law requiring all outside commercial signs to be in French only; this had an exacerbating effect upon Canadian English-French relations; (3) in anglophone Canada, increasing concern was expressed that one province, one national group, would be designated as 'distinct'even though the legal force of the relevant wording in the agreement was unclear.
This accord also failed; very roughly, one could say that the Québécois felt it insufficiently addressed their concerns, while most of those outside the province saw it as an unacceptable olla-podrida. 1 After the failure of the Charlottetown Accord, several things were clear on the Canadian political landscape. First, a general and predictable constitutional weariness gripped the country: after so much talking, so much wrangling, so many last-minute scrambles, what more could be (or should be) done?
1992) argued, from a pro-independence position, that the post-Meech surge would prove the springboard to sovereignty. Stéphane Dion (1992), looking at the same figures, analysed the situation along three lines: Quebec's sense of the fragility of French in North America (and the centrality of language in Quebec nationalism), the confidence among the Québécois as maîtres chez eux, and the catalyst which the Meech Lake failure provided for perceived rejection by English Canada. It is clear, I think, that all three factors subtly intertwine and contribute to the volatility of separatist sentiment in Quebec.