By Philip Seib (eds.)
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Relentless and ominous, the drumbeat echoes around the land: Social defense is at the verge of financial ruin. The caution has been repeated so frequently that it has develop into a depressing article of religion for the thousands of usa citizens who pay Social safeguard taxes and anticipate to assemble merits sometime. however it is flatly unfaithful.
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Institutionally based pseudo-events offer news organizations a ready and predictable supply of information that can be presented as news. These are news values deeply rooted in the organizationally driven gatekeeping model. Adding a patina of drama through live reports introduces news decisionmaking values more closely associated with the economically driven news gatekeeping model. Official institutions and the officials in them still dominate the news agenda and frames of reference, but in the context of news programming with an added dose of drama.
The reporter-driven news gatekeeping model centers on the role of newsgathering professionals. 3 The economically driven news gatekeeping model focuses on the economic constraints and incentives in newsgathering. 4 An organizationally driven gatekeeping model emphasizes the bureaucratic or organizational context of news. 5 Reporters are given access to a steady and predictable supply of information that is typically provided by official government sources. Finally, a fourth news gatekeeping model emphasizes the role of technology.
5 Reporters are given access to a steady and predictable supply of information that is typically provided by official government sources. Finally, a fourth news gatekeeping model emphasizes the role of technology. 6 A simplistic technological determinism is avoided when one considers the interactive nature of news and technology. The predilection to pursue dramatic and visually compelling stories in real time places a premium on the development of technology that facilitates such coverage. 7 International News and Advanced Information Technology ● 35 Rather than isolating economics, technology, or the role of professional journalist norms and values, a multigated gatekeeping model allows us to examine the interactions among the various pressures and incentives captured by each of the constituent models.