Download Marx' Critique of Science and Positivism: The Methodological by George E. McCarthy PDF

By George E. McCarthy

... With this in brain the reader might be taken via 3 meta-theoretical degrees of Marx' approach to research of the constructions of capitalism: (1) the explanation of 'critique' and procedure from Kant's epistemology, Hegel's phenomenology, to Marx' political economic climate (Chapter One); (2) the research of 'critique' and time, that's, the temporal dimensions of the severe approach as they evolve from Hegel's common sense to Marx' Capital and the variation among using the longer term in explanatory, positivist technology and 'critique' (Chapter Two); (3) and eventually, 'critique' and materialism, a research of the complexity of the class of materialism, the ambivalence and ambiguity of its use in Marx' serious process, and the ontological and logical dilemmas created by means of the Schelling-Feuerbach flip towards materialism of their critique of Hegel (Chapter Three). The critique of political economic system is, hence, tested on the degrees of method, temporality, and ontology. To what do the types of political financial system relatively refer while the positivist interpretations of Marx were shattered and 'critique' be­ comes the tactic of selection? what sort of wisdom will we have whether it is not "scientific" within the conventional experience of either epistemology and technique? and how much applicability will it have while its structure is similar to to not produce predictive, technical wisdom, yet functional wisdom within the Greek feel of the be aware (Praxis)? What be­ comes of the criterion of fact whilst epistemology itself, like technological know-how, is

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Extra info for Marx' Critique of Science and Positivism: The Methodological Foundations of Political Economy (Sovietica)

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4o That is, they assumed as given the very thing which was, in fact, to be explained - capitalist social relations. The fetishized categories of empirical science accept the givenness of experience without comprehending the critical roots of the phenomenal experience itself. Working with the categories of capital, labor, prices, value, profits and wages, Marx shows that they are fetishized social relationships and, therefore, neither natural nor ahistorical in form. Hegel had traced the various stages in the evolution of consciousness in order to reveal their phenomenal form as appearances.

It deals with the principles and categories of pure reason as they are applied to the experienced world. Though knowledge begins with experience, it does not necessarily follow that it arises out of experience. 'Critique', therefore, is the immanent metaphysical and epistemological method which reconstructs the structures of consciousness and objectivity in terms of the categories of the mind. It is a scientific undertaking which does not expand our understanding, but clarifies the structure, application, and boundaries of reason itself.

As a specific response to the transcendental deduction, Kant's method, and his concept of the synthetic unity of consciousness, the Phenomenology begins to develop a critical method which synthesizes both pure and practical reason within a broader interpretation of the transcendental subject; no longer the simple guarantor of the formal unity of objectivity, it is the Spirit itself which underlies the creation of social objectivity (language, culture, work, social relations, alienation, ideology, and enlightenment).

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