Download Land, Poverty and Livelihoods in an Era of Globalization: by A. Haroon Akram-Lodhi, Saturnino M. Borras Jr, Cristobal Kay PDF

By A. Haroon Akram-Lodhi, Saturnino M. Borras Jr, Cristobal Kay

A host of across the world eminent students are introduced jointly the following to discover the structural explanations of rural poverty and income inequality, in addition to the procedures of social exclusion and political subordination encountered through the peasantry and rural employees throughout a variety of countries.

This quantity examines the intersection of politics and economics and gives a severe research and framework for the research of neo-liberal land regulations within the present part of globalization. using new empirical proof from ten nations, it presents an in-depth research of key nation stories, a comparative research of agrarian reforms and their influence on rural poverty in Africa, Asia, Latin the US and transition countries.

Presenting an agrarian reform coverage embedded in a suitable improvement procedure, which can considerably decrease and expectantly put off rural poverty, this paintings is a key source for postgraduate scholars learning within the parts of improvement economics, improvement reports and foreign political economy.

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Additional resources for Land, Poverty and Livelihoods in an Era of Globalization: Perspectives from Developing and Transition Countries

Example text

20 Fourth, in the 1980s, especially toward the later part of that decade, most communist- and socialist-inspired national liberation movements had been waning, with others completely dissipated, for various internal and external reasons. The conflagration of unrest manifested in peasant land occupations that marked much of the rural world in the 1950s through 12 S. M. Borras Jr et al. the 1970s was not immediately visible during this decade. From a distance, there was relative silence and calm.

Actions in any pro-poor land policy making and implementation. e. to provide secure access to and control over land resources to landless and near-landless poor in the context of social justice and with the explicit goal of reforming the inefficient, unjust and exploitative agrarian structure – but through a peasant-led approach. Following the state-led view that the market by itself will not redistribute wealth and power, this approach, however, is founded on the belief that the state by itself cannot be relied upon to carry out reform either because it is usually captive to the dominant classes and groups in society that are also opposed to redistributive reforms like land reform.

There was a general perception that there was no more immediate communist and socialist threat to the capitalist world, and so, there was no more urgent need for ‘Ladejinskys’ to crisscross the world to promote pre-emptive land reforms. In the 1980s, restructuring of property rights and farm work incentive structures in state and collective farms were slowly introduced in countries that would later be labelled collectively as ‘transition economies’. These reforms have been broadly market-oriented, giving individuals and households more flexibility in some bundles of landed property rights and providing them greater control over their farm surplus and on how to dispose of it.

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