By James G. Speight
Introduction to more advantageous restoration tools for Heavy Oil and Tar Sands, moment Edition, explores the significance of improved oil restoration (EOR) and the way it has grown in recent times because of the elevated have to find unconventional assets comparable to heavy oil and shale. regrettably, petroleum engineers and executives will not be constantly well-versed within the enhancement equipment which are to be had while wanted or the main economically attainable way to maximize their reservoir’s productiveness.
This revised re-creation provides the entire present equipment of restoration to be had, together with the professionals and cons of every. accelerated and up-to-date as a good initial textual content for the newcomer to the or material, this must-have EOR consultant teaches the entire fundamentals wanted, together with all thermal and non-thermal equipment, besides discussions of viscosity, sampling, and the applied sciences surrounding offshore applications.
- Enables clients to quick methods to decide on the best restoration approach for his or her reservoir whereas comparing fiscal conditions
- Presents the variations among each one approach to restoration with newly additional real-world case reviews from round the world
- Helps readers remain aggressive with the turning out to be want of extracting unconventional assets with new content material on how those advanced reservoirs have interaction with injected reservoir fluids
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Additional resources for Introduction to Enhanced Recovery Methods for Heavy Oil and Tar Sands, Second Edition
Society of Petroleum Engineers, Richardson, Texas, pp. 27–134. , 2006. Computational Methods for Multiphase Flows in Porous Media, in the Computational Science and Engineering Series, vol. 2. Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. , 2000. Mainstream options for heavy oil: Part I—cold production. J. Can. Petrol. Technol. 39 (4), 31–39. , 1981. In situ microbial enhancement of oil production. Dev. Ind. Microbiol. 15, 695–701. , 1995. Creations of Fire: Chemistry’s Lively History From Alchemy to the Atomic Age.
Heavy Oil and Tar Sand Bitumen 41 Whenever attempting to define or classify tar sand bitumen, it is always necessary to return to the definition as given by the United States Federal Energy Administration (FE-76-4), thus: …the several rock types that contain an extremely viscous hydrocarbon which is not recoverable in its natural state by conventional oil well production methods including currently used enhanced recovery techniques. The hydrocarbon-bearing rocks are variously known as bitumen-rocks oil, impregnated rocks, oil sands, and rock asphalt.
For example, heavy oils were considered to be those crude oils that had gravity somewhat less than 20° API with the heavy oils falling into the API gravity range 10° to 15°. For example, Cold Lake heavy crude oil has an API gravity equal to 12° and tar sand bitumen usually have an API gravity in the range 5° to 10° (Athabasca bitumen= 8° API). , 2007). Heavy oil has a much higher viscosity (and lower API gravity) than conventional petroleum and recovery of heavy oil usually requires thermal stimulation of the reservoir.