By Ana G. López Martín
This publication analyzes the regime of navigation in historic relation to the United international locations conference of the legislations of Sea (UNCLOS) of 10 December 1982, after which analyzes intimately the concept that of overseas straits to reach at an entire definition. This paintings examines the 8 different types of straits specified by the UNCLOS. It analyzes the correct of blameless passage and the regime of transit passage, either platforms of navigation in overseas straits, after which offers the household laws and the site visitors separation schemes which practice to overseas straits. ultimately, the paintings encompasses a entire catalogue of straits with the connection with their respective UNCLOS articles.
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Extra info for International Straits: Concept, Classification and Rules of Passage
Due to this, a final resolution was adopted, in which the General Assembly was requested to study the following session, “the 53 Cf. Doc. 6, of March 14, 1958. Cited in Yturriaga Barbera´n (1991b, pp. 362–363). This opinion was shared by Professor Pepin, who affirms that the movements of aircraft in both areas are subjected to identical conditions given that the air space over the territorial sea is totally assimilated to the air area over the terrestrial superficies (cf. Doc. 13/14, of October 4, 1957).
This reached such a point that Resolution 2750 (XXV) expressly refers to both these substantial problems, and included the questions of the extension of territorial waters and international straits. 69 A detailed presentation on the development of the work of the Commission of the Sea Beds and the III Conference of the United Nations on the Law of the Sea is in the Office for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea (1992, in vol. I, pp. 21–152, there are details of the work of the Commission, while vol.
In the case of straits whose coasts belong to more than one state, the principles related to territorial waters apply, while, in the case of straits whose coasts belong to one State, if the width does not exceed the double of the territorial waters, the principle of bays is applied. In the first case, there would be a right to innocent passage; in the second case, there would be no right of passage. Finally, the Report considered that the rule that straits can never be closed, in accordance with the idea that a coastal State has the right to completely close its territorial waters in wartime.