Download Innovation: Applying Knowledge in Development by United Nations PDF

By United Nations

This Millennium undertaking job strength file makes a strong case for improvement regulations to target key assets of financial progress, quite using clinical and technological wisdom and similar institutional changes. It outlines middle parts for coverage motion, together with a spotlight on platform or commonplace applied sciences; defining infrastructure prone as foundations for expertise; putting universities on the centre of neighborhood improvement and enhancing technology schooling; spurring entrepreneurial actions; enhancing the coverage surroundings and concentrating on parts of under-funded study for improvement.

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While the report outlines ways in which these emerging technologies can be applied to implement the first seven Goals, the overall strategic options presented in the report focus on introducing new technological systems or applications in economic systems. This transformational nature of technological innovation involves a shift in traditional relationships in society. Imbuing society with a science culture involves valuing openness, encouraging criticism and exploration, and 16 Part 1 Science, technology, and innovation underpin every one of the Goals Mapping the terrain broadening access to science education for women.

A learning approach will demand major changes in international development cooperation, which will include increased mutual trust and the adoption of norms of interaction that are consistent with the demands of mentoring and learning. Current practices that emphasize cumbersome accountability mechanisms are a symptom of the lack of trust. They cannot be effective vehicles for promoting learning. Science, technology, and innovation underpin every one of the Goals. It is inconceivable that gains can be made in health and environmental concerns without a focused science, technology, and innovation policy.

It provides an illustrative assessment of how platform (generic) technologies, particularly information and communications technologies and biotechnology, can help countries meet the Goals. It offers a conceptual framework within which economic change is viewed as a learning process in which knowledge is transformed into goods and services through systemic interactions between various parts of the economy. Within this framework, emphasis is placed on the role governments can play as facilitators of technological learning and the role enterprises can play as the focal point at which learning occurs and technological capability accumulates.

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