By David Bourchier, Vedi Hadiz
Utilizing an exhaustive number of basic assets, this booklet provides a wealthy and textured photo of Indonesian politics and society from 1965 to the dramatic alterations that have taken position lately. delivering a whole portrait of the Indonesian political panorama, this authoritative reader is an important source in knowing the heritage and contradictions of the recent Order, present social and political stipulations and the line forward.
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Additional resources for Indonesian Politics and Society: A Reader
Their popularisation of Lenin’s idea that colonialism was the logical extension of capitalism did a great deal to unite Indonesians and mobilise them against Dutch colonial rule. A third stream, more diverse than the first two, was Islam. The most influential Islamic organisations were the modernist Sarekat Islam and Muhammadiyah, which were concerned first of all with promoting the interests of Muslim traders and with cleansing ‘rural’ or traditionalist Islam of its accretions. These organisations were a powerful grassroots force linking together hundreds of thousands, if not millions, of people who looked forward to an independent state based on Islamic principles.
It also helped convince a wider circle of activists of the efficacy of mass action, leading to the formation of the People’s 18 Introduction Democratic Party (PRD) in 1994. Established in defiance of the law, PRD became the main mouthpiece for political radicalism in the late New Order (see Chapter 7). Another sign of the New Order’s waning authority, and of the increasing relevance of mass politics, was Megawati Soekarnoputri’s surprise election as chair of the PDI in 1993. Soeharto always feared Sukarno’s ghost, aware of the reverence Indonesia’s first president continued to inspire among the poor.
Often these arguments were public, as the restrictions on the print media were not as tight as they would later become. The New Order in its early years is best thought of as an alliance between the military and a range of civilian groups that included students, secular intellectuals, professionals, anti-communist party leaders and large numbers of rural and urban Muslims. These groups had been united by their fear of the communists and by their perception that Sukarno was to blame for the economic crisis that had eroded their material interests.