By Max Singer
History of the Future provides a collection of rules approximately the place we're in historical past. It specializes in the nice majority of individuals in each one society, and exhibits that existence within the smooth international might be nearly different from all prior human event. the current time is healthier understood as a interval of transition within which one state after one other is following alongside parallel paths from conventional to trendy. the method of changing into glossy is so strong that it'll have related results on all international locations. consequently you'll be able to are expecting the way forward for international locations nonetheless present process this variation by way of the historical past of nations that have already accomplished their transition.
Singer asserts "war approach" has lengthy existed within which the critical trouble of countries has been to guard their safety by way of army forces and alliances. He makes the dramatic declare that, due to the inherent nature of contemporary nations, there'll be no conflict process in any area populated completely by means of glossy countries-as illustrated by means of the present state of affairs in Western Europe-even notwithstanding human personality do not need more advantageous. notwithstanding, even though poverty, tyranny, and warfare may be principally eradicated, the trendy international will be worse for individuals than the normal international simply because lots of the issues that formed human personality might be obsolete.
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When this century dawned, half of India’s population consisted of villagers who grew their own food and were largely cut off from their country’s growing commercial sector. Many villages had no roads that trucks could use to bring supplies or to pick up harvests, if there had been commercial crops to transport. Now Mumbai and Bangalore are home to some of the most sophisticated businesses in the world, though only a few miles away life in the countryside has changed little for centuries. Low prices for land and labor in Indian villages represent opportunity for those who have made money in the cities.
In the end it may be a disaster. People might well be less happy or less good in the modern world. And we may find a way to destroy ourselves. Rather than acting as an advocate for modernity (it doesn’t really need an advocate, as it is coming whether we like it or not), I simply hope to describe the basic features we can expect in the modern world. If people understand these basic features, they will be better able to change what can be changed, which is most things, and make the best of modern life.
As countries acquire the fourteen characteristics, they become modern and begin behaving like already-modern countries. It seems likely that modern countries will continue to exhibit these characteristics. A second objection says that the history of the future began earlier than we place it. According to this view, the industrial societies of the early twentieth century, with their vast increases in wealth and population, were fully modernized and part of the future, not just part of the transition.