By Andy Furlong
...everyone fascinated with better schooling - politicians, investment our bodies, principals, deans, programme managers, academics, pupil aid employees, librarians, technicians, storeroom employees and cleaners - should still learn this e-book from conceal to cover... Networks journal (HEA book) Is entry to raised schooling quite open to all? How does the event of upper schooling range among social teams? Are graduate jobs tougher to discover for a few than for others? The transformation of upper schooling from an elite event to a mass approach supplying complicated schooling to a socially combined customers has frequently been conflated with a means of equalization via wider entry. yet is that this rather the case? Andy Furlong and Fred Cartmel worry now not, arguing that adolescents from social and economically deprived households be afflicted by unfair entry preparations, have a poorer pupil event and feature restricted touch with their center category friends. additionally, scholars from much less advantaged households who effectively whole their classes are likely to face higher trouble securing graduate jobs and will be left with larger degrees of debt. Taking a holistic method that makes a speciality of entry to raised schooling, reports in better schooling and earnings derived from participation, the e-book explores the limitations that bog down the growth of adolescents from much less advantaged households and descriptions a number of the sorts of stratification that aid restrict the probabilities for social mobility via schooling. larger schooling and Social Justice offers crucial studying for somebody who has an curiosity in better schooling or a priority for social justice, together with teachers, directors and coverage makers in better schooling.
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Additional info for Higher Education and Social Justice (SRHE and Open University Press Imprint)
2 Unequal access A constant factor in all Member States [of the European Union] for which data are available, is that while absolute participation rates may have increased for all socio-economic levels, the relative rates have barely changed. The likelihood of attending a university or pursuing tertiary studies remains far higher for those from higher socio-economic levels. (Green et al. ) Introduction Higher education is no longer the exclusive preserve of the upper middle classes, but the significant expansion that has occurred has not resulted in fair access.
Admissions policies and the presumed prejudices of middle-class admissions officers can make good press and are an easy target for politicians. A few years ago Gordon Brown publicly criticized Oxford University for rejecting a state school student, Laura Spence, who despite having straight As at A level, was refused a place to study medicine. In their defence, admissions officers point out that restrictions on places and high levels of demand for some courses mean that they frequently have to choose between candidates who are equally well qualified and in these instances are forced to look beyond qualifications.
Males tended not to cluster quite so tightly within a restricted range of subject areas, although 45 per cent of male students studied business and administrative studies, engineering and technology, computer science and social studies (Self and Zealey 2007). Here we must also note that despite a predominance of female over male undergraduates, females are over-represented in less prestigious subject areas (such as subjects allied to medicine). Similar patterns of stratification by subject apply to minority ethnic groups, partly, but not entirely, as a result of their concentration in new universities.