Download Guarantee of Peace: The League of Nations in British Policy by Peter J. Yearwood PDF

By Peter J. Yearwood

Peter Yearwood reconsiders the League of countries, now not as an try to notice an idea yet as a component within the day by day behavior of Britain's international coverage and household politics throughout the interval 1914-25. He demanding situations the standard view that London reluctantly followed the assumption based on strain from Woodrow Wilson and from family public opinion, and that it was once rather cautious of principles of collective protection. as a substitute he examines how London actively promoted the belief to regulate Anglo-American family members in battle and to supply the context for an everlasting hegemonic partnership. The publication breaks new floor in interpreting how London attempted to exploit the League within the crises of the early Twenties: Armenia, Persia, Vilna, top Silesia, Albania, and Corfu. It exhibits how within the negotiations resulting in the Draft Treaty of Mutual guidance, the Geneva Protocol, and the Locarno accords, Robert Cecil, Ramsay MacDonald, and Austen Chamberlain attempted to unravel the Franco-German safety query in the course of the League. This consists of a re-assessment of the way those leaders attempted to take advantage of the League as a subject in British household politics and why it emerged as important to British international coverage. in line with large, special archival learn, this e-book presents a brand new and authoritative account of a mostly misunderstood subject.

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Additional info for Guarantee of Peace: The League of Nations in British Policy 1914-1925

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Others were more worried. Cecil himself recognized that a simple cash nexus could not be the only element in a lasting Anglo-American relationship. Lifting this onto a higher plane would be the key to his policy thereafter. Cecil now began to take seriously the proposals for a league which he had earlier discounted. ⁷⁸ This began by setting out not just the appalling human, material, and financial costs of the war, but also the moral degeneration it had brought, and the likelihood that ‘when the war is over, we shall only be at the beginning of our troubles’.

He saw himself as maintaining Grey’s legacy in foreign policy, and looked towards the eventual establishment of an Anglo-American partnership based on shared ethical values. At the end of 1916 any such partnership seemed far off. International diplomacy was dominated by the prospect of Wilson publicly offering mediation, and, within Germany, by the pressure for a resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare, which was becoming irresistible. On 12 December the German Chancellor, Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg, announced the Central Powers’ willingness to enter into negotiations on conditions which would secure the existence, honour, and free development of their peoples, and form the basis of a stable peace.

Balfour min. d. [May–June 1916], Add. MSS 49704, AJBP. Hankey’s memo. has become well known since the publication of Roskill’s biography. At the time it went no further than Balfour. A Guarantee of Peace, 1914–1917 23 creation of nation states in Eastern Europe would not only ‘prove an efficient barrier against Russian preponderance in Europe and German expansion towards the Near East’, but, above all, it would ‘considerably add to the number of States in the future composition of Europe whose desires and interests will all tend in establishing the rule of right over the rule of might’.

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