Download Golden-Silk Smoke: A History of Tobacco in China, 1550-2010 by Carol Benedict PDF

By Carol Benedict

From the long-stemmed pipe to snuff, the water pipe, hand-rolled cigarettes, and at last, synthetic cigarettes, the heritage of tobacco in China is the attention-grabbing tale of a commodity that grew to become an indicator of contemporary mass consumerism. Carol Benedict follows the unfold of chinese language tobacco use from the 16th century, while it was once brought to China from the hot global, in the course of the improvement of commercialized tobacco cultivation, and to the current day. alongside the way in which, she analyzes the criteria that experience formed China's hugely gendered tobacco cultures, and exhibits how they've got developed inside of a huge, comparative world-historical framework. Drawing from a wealth of historic sources--gazetteers, literati jottings (biji), chinese language materia medica, Qing poetry, smooth brief tales, overdue Qing and early Republican newspapers, shuttle memoirs, social surveys, ads, and more--Golden-Silk Smoke not just uncovers the lengthy and dynamic background of tobacco in China but additionally sheds new mild on worldwide histories of favor and consumption.

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Extra info for Golden-Silk Smoke: A History of Tobacco in China, 1550-2010

Example text

A hybrid of two wild tobacco species originally found in Peru, N. rustica was first domesticated in the Andes. 80 Europeans then transported it from North America to Europe and Asia in the late sixteenth century. It is unclear how N. rustica ended up in distant Gansu. As noted earlier, tobacco cultivation was already under way in parts of Shanxi and Shaanxi in the early seventeenth century, and the Lanzhou tobacco trade may simply have been an extension of cultivation elsewhere in northern China.

85 Chinese mercantile penetration into the westernmost reaches of Xinjiang did not occur until the eighteenth century or later,86 and so it seems more plausible that Indian or Bukharan merchants moving through passes in the Karakoram, Pamir, and Hindu Kush mountain ranges brought N. rustica into Kashgaria from northern India or eastern Persia in the late sixteenth or early seventeenth centuries. The Eastern Turkestanis who brokered the trade between northwestern China and the cities of southwestern Xinjiang in the late Ming may well have been the first to carry “yellow-flower tobacco” to Gansu along with precious nephrite jade, mined in the Kashgaria region.

For a time, it remained below the radar of Qing authorities, and so it is impossible to say when it first arrived. 32 Koreans began to cultivate and market tobacco in the early 1620s. 33 Probably for these same reasons, Koreans found a ready market for tobacco among the Liaodongese (both Chinese and Jurchen) shortly thereafter. Chinese merchants may have traded tobacco at the northeastern frontier mar- Origins of Tobacco in China, 1550–1650 23 kets even before rising tensions with the Ming led Nurhaci to annex Liaodong in 1621.

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